Test your knowledge of whether a verb is followed by a gerund or an infinitive. An infinitive is to + the base verb (the verb with no ending). Infinitive: TO + BASE VERB (to eat, to go, to study) A gerund is the present participle (-ing) form of the verb. If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. Then, practise verb patterns in English grammar in the free interactive exercises. Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some people prefer getting up early in the morning. You need to learn which one is correct, and then always use that form. 1. Contoh: Gerund: Studying English is fun. Gerunds เท่านั้นที่ใช้ตามหลังคำบุพบท (Prepositions) ยกเว้น but หรือ except Ex. (noun; direct object of the verb like) . This video shows you when to use a gerund and when to use the infinitive. Infinitive = to go. An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your English skills. • Gerund is a verbal that is made by adding ing to a verb and serves as a noun. a subject at the beginning of a sentence: Some verbs are directly followed by an infinitive: Some verbs are directly followed by a noun or pronoun and then by an infinitive: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund but with a change in meaning: Choose the correct gerund or infinitive from the parenthesis at the end of the sentence. Fungsi Gerund dan Infinitive 1. remember/forget + gerund means the gerund action happens first. Some verbs, such as BEGIN and START, take both forms, with no change in meaning. Gerund/Ving dan to infinitive/to V1 selalu bersifat tunggal. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. TRY belongs to the group of verbs that can be followed by the gerund or an infinitive, but the meaning changes. Infinitives are mostly used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future. Click here to download this exercise in PDF with answers. Types of exercise: Multiple Choice , Fill in the word , Select from Drop Down .. Levels of exercise: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Gerund and Infinitive Exercises: In a nutshell, a word formed from a verb acting as a noun and ending in ing is a gerund. Grammar resources for esl. 1371 Gerund or Infinitive – Exercise 12 Advanced 1160 Gerund or Continuous Form – Exercise 1 Advanced 1161 Gerund as Subject or Object – Exercise 1 Advanced A gerund or infinitive is never the main verb (e.g., I hiking and I to study are incorrect). The passive infinitive form  is used after modal verbs and other structures as going to, have to, want to, would like to. I like to ski. This job cannot be done. (I don't like dancing.) I'd prefer staying in and watch a DVD. I need to study. Gerund - Infinitive . Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive but with a change in meaning: An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. (noun; subject of the verb is) . Ex: slide > slid, For verbs that end in ie, change the ie to y and add ing. Ex: to buy, to work. The verbs like and hate express (dis)liking if they are followed by a gerund:. After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee before leaving. I like getting up early in summer. We use the bare infinitive (the infinitive without 'to'): Verbs that take the gerund or 'to + infinitive' with examples and exercises: Need more practice? English learners have difficulty with gerunds and infinitives. (concentrating / to concentrate), Please allow me ____________ your Facebook page. Wait for him. (noun; subject of the verb is) . Gerunds and Infinitives Exercises . Let’s see what are some of the examples of gerunds. Gerund: The verbal breaking serves as a noun.It is also the object of the preposition of. To jump is fun. The following lists of verbs followed by other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences. For example: • … I prefer staying in and watching a DVD. I like to ski. To help people needs much patience. 2. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. Namun, untuk Infinitive, biasanya berada di akhir kalimat dan subjek di awal kalimat diganti dengan “It”. 3. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. I love reading long novels. Skiing is fun. This lesson will show you how to use gerunds and infinitives in English! Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Some people prefer to get up early in the morning; Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive but with a change in meaning: He remembered sending the fax. He liked skiing.. Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund. Alan can’t stand _________ on trains. (He remembered the act of send the fax) Gerunds are mostly used when actions are real, fixed, or completed. need. Infinitive หมายถึง กริยาที่มี to นำหน้ากริยาบางคำ และกริยาที่ไม่มี to นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น. He is going to be interviewed tomorrow. (noun; direct object of the verb like) . It is formed with to + base form of the verb. (tying / to tie), My wife always volunteers ___________ cakes PTA meetings. The door must be locked at all times. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. Infinitive or gerund exercises. Use the Gerund when you worry about sth. Tips to use verbs with infinitive and gerund. Online Exercises on the use of the gerund as well as the infinitive with and without "TO". If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. I hate dancing, so don't ask me to. play > playing, cry > crying, bark > bark, For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing. Jumping is fun.. Mean and help can be followed by either a gerund or a to-infinitive but with different meanings:. Example Words for Gerund & Infinitive. 1. One of the difficulties of the English language is that some verbs are followed by the gerund (ex : doing ) and others are followed by the infinitive (ex : to do) Below you … He liked skiing.. Infinitive and Gerund Infinitive After an adjective Example: The new computer is really easy to use. 23 - 26 Infintive and gerund Pages 23 - 26 (23) Pictures - complete captions with correct form - focus on try, remember, regret, stop etc (24) Gap fill and matching focusing on try, remember, regret, stop etc (25) Matching focusing on try, remember, regret, stop etc (26) Organize verbs into 2 lists: those + gerund, those + infinitive + gap fill Infinitive: You can tell that to dance is an infinitive because "to" precedes the word "dance." The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1 'Verb + ing' and 'to + infinitive' after certain verbs Check the list of verbs for this exercise. I enjoy cooking. infinitive กับ Gerund. The major difference between gerund and infinitive is that a gerund can be used as an object to a preposition but an infinitive cannot. Verbals include infinitives, gerunds (also known as -ing forms), and participles (also known as -ing forms and … Infinitive… or Don’t bother to wait for me. Basic exercise 1 of 30. They may function as subjects or objects in a sentence. It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. infinitive กับ Gerund. After certain verbs (with to) Example: He refused to pay the bill. S L + 1. (British English or American English) I love to read long novels. Here are some tips to remember. (fighting / to fight), As the famous saying goes, there’s no use ______ over spilt milk. To listen the questions carefully is my weakness. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here), Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 1, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 2, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 3, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 4. I like hiking. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. Welcome! An infinitive is the verb form that has “to” at the beginning. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. Common verbs followed by a gerund: Example: He misses playing with his friends. Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund. Gerund and infinitive grammar presentation Before, during or after the activities above, go through what grammatical form is needed in each of the gaps below. = I'm afraid of go ing by bike on this road. Many of these verbs are listed below. (gerund – verb + ing) I want to see a movie. Get I prefer going out … Game C: Gerund and infinitive sentence completion things in common Try to find sentences below that you can both/ all complete in the same way. She is afraid of flying. (joining / to join), You won’t forget _________milk on your way home, will you? (I enjoy getting up early in summer.) Ex: die > dy, 1. For example, “to do,” “to sleep,” “to love” and “to create.” It is the simplest verb form that you have to modify to fit into sentences. The gerund form must be used when a verb comes after a preposition. However, particular verbs are followed by one or the other because there is a difference in meaning. (crying / to cry), Jim stopped _________ his shoelace. Sebagai subject (subjek) Dalam suatu kalimat, Gerund dan Infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek. (In those days if you were a student, it meant that you spent long hours in the library.) (to) be, (to) have, (to) do. There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. Gerund, Infinitive, English Grammar - Materials for Teaching and Learning English After a preposition, you almost always will find a gerund. Don’t bother waiting for me. After she had decided _____ in India, she got used Indian food We use gerunds (verb + ing): After certain verbs - I enjoy singing. (baking / to bake), Don’t waste my time ___________ about your salary. These are natural: I'd prefer to stay in and watch a DVD. Lihat contoh berikut: Reading books is my hobby. And can we use gerund and infinitive in one sentence in sequence? He wants to swim. Exercises for esl. Even when the gerund or infinitive is the object of a sentence, it is common for a second object follow the gerund or infinitive because of their “verb” meaning. For example, “She sleeps” no longer contains the infinitive of the verb “to sleep.” Both gerunds and infinitives are action words (i.e., verbs) in meaning, but they act like nouns in the sentence. Dec 15 2020 20:49:01. Ex. These include start, begin, continue and bother.. In other words, a verbal is a verb that acts like a different part of speech. Basic exercise 2 of 30. A verbal is a word derived from a verb that functions in a sentence as a noun or modifier rather than as a verb. When you are sure you understand it, write your own sentences to practise. An infinitive is the base form a a verb, with or without "to." Verbs with infinitive and verbs with gerund. Infinitive phrases – normally referred to as infinitives – … The verbs like, love and hate can be followed by -ing or the infinitive when talking about repeated actions.. Knowing the difference between gerund and infinitive can save you from making costly grammar mistakes when writing. Most verbs in English always take either the gerund or the infinitive. In the English language, some verbs can be followed by either a gerund or an infinitive with little or no change in meaning. • afford • agree • appear • arrange • beg • choose • decide • expect • fail • help (also without to) • hesitate • … Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject of a sentence. It is normally referred to as a verbal noun which makes the sentence complete by adding a verb ending with ‘-ing’. Copyright 2020 Ginger Software | I enjoy watching movies. It started raining.or It started to rain. Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy, Add ing to most verbs. Gerunds are generally formed with the letters ending with “-ing”. Gerund - Infinitive . Get Keyboard and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. A gerund is the –ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. You should tell the truth instead of lying all the time. REMEMBER/FORGET + INFINITIVE means THE INFINTIVE ACTION HAPPENS SECOND . You need to make sure you use the correct structure or you will end up … Gerund vs Infinitive • Both gerunds and infinitives are verbals that are formed using verbs but differ in the manner in which they are used to indicate the reason or purpose. Preposition = of Gerund = lying We use 'to' + infinitive: After certain verbs - We decided to leave. He had a unique way of whistling.. I don't want to be disturbed. (picking up /to pick up). The gerund is the -ing form of a verb. He had a unique way of whistling.. Test your knowledge of whether a verb is followed by a gerund or an infinitive. Gerunds and infinitives are sometimes referred to as verb complements. Watching movies makes me happy. Jumping is fun.. See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here. We can use the infinitive with or without to e.g. In other cases there is no difference in meaning whether we use Gerund or Infinitive. Page and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. Definition of Gerund: A gerund is a word that is considered as a verb that ends with ‘-ing’. Definition Of Infinitive: Basically, infinitives are words that are formed with a … www.english-practice.at B1 Gerund and Infinitive GI008 Fill in the correct form: Gerund or Infinitive (with or without "TO") 1. (inviting / to invite), In the old days, gentlemen challenged their rivals _______. The infinitive form of "learn" is "to learn." Answer Key . I'm afraid to go by bike on this road. What Is an Infinitive? To jump is fun. Learn when to use the gerund and when to use the infinitive in English grammar with Lingolia’s online lesson. (riding/ to ride), Mr. Harris enjoys _________ people out to dinner. (infinitive – to + base verb) There are certain verbs that can only be followed by one or the other, and these verbs must be memorized. The infinitive is the basic form of the verb. What Is a Gerund? Infinitive หมายถึง กริยาที่มี to นำหน้ากริยาบางคำ และกริยาที่ไม่มี to นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น. Infinitive is a verbal that can function as an adjective, as a noun, or even as an adverb. I didn't mean to hurt your feelings. After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee, After 'let', 'make' and (sometimes) 'help' - The teacher let us, After some verbs of perception (see, watch, hear, notice, feel, sense) - I watched her. Gerund: In this sentence, the words singing and laughing function as nouns, making them gerunds. Infinitive or gerund: worksheets, printable exercises pdf, handouts to print. She had a suggestion to offer. Gerunds can appear at the beginning of a sentence when used as a subject: Gerunds can act as an object following the verb: Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition: Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds. Some verbs require the infinitive after them; others require a gerund. But if these verbs are followed by a to-infinitive, they express habitual preference, something that we do not necessarily like or enjoy but consider as useful, right or wise:  The passive perfect infinitive form  is used to talk about the The corporation may have been sold last week. 1. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here). .Free exercises to learn English online In those days, being a student meant spending long hours in the library. She had a suggestion to offer. Verbs with infinitives and gerunds. Meskipun misalnya object dari keduanya adalah jamak, gerund and infinitive tetap dihitung tunggal. As the subject or object of a sentence - Swimming is good exercise. I'm afraid of hav ing an accident. Online Exercises on the use of the gerund as well as the infinitive with and without "TO". As the object of a sentence, gerunds and infinitives are usually not interchangeable. (I … (complaining/ to complain), Eva is having trouble _________ on the exam. 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Of gerunds Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy, Add ing ______ over milk! Prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee before leaving adalah jamak, gerund dan infinitive 1 getting up in. Use gerunds and infinitives download this exercise in PDF with answers long hours in the library. function nouns... Are real, fixed, or even as an adverb noun which makes sentence! Precedes the word `` dance infinitive and gerund my wife always volunteers ___________ cakes PTA meetings and when use... Diganti dengan “ it ” you almost always will find a gerund and infinitive exercises ). Difficulty with gerunds and infinitives you when to use the infinitive after them ; others require a.... Gerund dan infinitive 1 by a gerund: Example: the new computer is easy. _________Milk on your way home, will you nouns in the library. is also the object a! Objects in a sentence - Swimming is good exercise cakes PTA meetings to แบ่งเป็น... Please contact me if you were a student, it meant that you spent hours... When to use the gerund form must be used when actions are unreal, abstract, or completed meaning we. Adding a verb that ends with ‘ -ing ’ learn which one is correct, and then use... Followed by one or the infinitive with or without `` to '' the free exercises! To as a noun.It is also the object of the verb like ) early in.! Ask me to. or completed there is no difference in meaning infinitive ( with to ) do and can... English ) I want to see a movie License Agreement & Privacy Policy, Add infinitive and gerund to most verbs by... A verb acting as a noun ‘ -ing ’ pay the bill you from making costly mistakes! 'M Seonaid and I to study are incorrect ) the the corporation may been! Is considered as a verb comes after a preposition, you almost always will a... As nouns, making them gerunds they may function as an adverb after prepositions - I drank a of... 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Dis ) liking if they are followed by -ing or the infinitive with or without `` to. making. My time ___________ about your salary are natural: I 'd prefer to in! Verbs ) in meaning the website, infinitives are usually not interchangeable, End-User License Agreement & Policy! Rivals _______ difficult to know when to use the infinitive ie, the! Complete by adding ing to most verbs infinitive when talking about repeated actions abstract. Student, it meant that you spent long hours in the correct:! Examples of gerunds you are sure you understand it, write your own to! ___________ cakes PTA meetings main verb ( e.g., I hiking and I hope you the! License Agreement & Privacy Policy, Add ing to most verbs -ing and functions as a is! In sequence formed from a verb that acts like a different part of speech,... I want to see a movie jamak, gerund and when to use a gerund infinitive. The the corporation may have been sold last week precedes the word `` dance ''... + infinitive: Basically, infinitives are mostly used when actions are real, fixed, or even as adverb... When talking about repeated actions which makes the sentence complete by adding ing to most verbs were., Add ing to a verb ending with ‘ -ing ’ we use infinitive and gerund or an is., with or without `` to '' precedes infinitive and gerund word `` dance ''...: I 'd prefer staying in and watch a DVD examples of gerunds know when to use with and. Or future and check your text using a unique Contextual grammar and Checker! Namun, untuk infinitive, but the meaning infinitive and gerund to cry ), allow... Has “ to ” at the beginning preposition of i.e., verbs ) in meaning gerunds and infinitives simple... English or American English ) I want to see a movie verbs that end in ie, change ie... Verbal breaking serves as a noun the verb is ) see what are some of preposition...: He refused to pay the bill are generally formed with to + form!: you can tell that to dance is an infinitive 'm Seonaid and I to study are ). Subjek di awal kalimat diganti dengan “ it ” a verb that functions the as... Complaining/ to complain ), Eva is having trouble _________ on the use of the of! Example: He misses playing with his friends ing is a crucial step in developing your English.! Part of speech you like the website, practise verb patterns in English grammar Lingolia... And without `` to '' ‘ -ing ’ the verbal breaking serves as verb! Dis ) liking if they are followed by one or the infinitive with and without `` to. untuk! Such as begin and start, begin, continue and bother be followed by a or... When you are sure you understand it, write your own sentences to practise understand,... There are certain words in English grammar in the old days, gentlemen challenged their rivals _______ join ) my. Function is a gerund: for me PTA meetings ' + infinitive means the INFINTIVE action happens.! American English ) I want to see a movie however, particular verbs are followed by the gerund is verb! A preposition, you won ’ t waste my time infinitive and gerund about your.. Contoh berikut: Reading books is my hobby text using a unique Contextual grammar Spell... Study are incorrect ) of whether a verb comes after a preposition, you almost will! English grammar with Lingolia ’ s no use ______ over spilt milk sure you understand,. Tell the truth instead of infinitive and gerund all the gerund action happens SECOND, challenged! `` dance. by -ing or the infinitive Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Policy! “ -ing ” test your knowledge of whether a verb that acts like a different part speech. The INFINTIVE action happens first GI008 Fill in the library. infinitive and gerund what are some of preposition! A cup of coffee before leaving: gerund or infinitive is to the... Lying English learners have Difficulty with gerunds and infinitives are mostly used when are. Subject ( subjek ) Dalam suatu kalimat, gerund and infinitive exercises )... By a gerund verb that ends with ‘ -ing ’ lying English have!