Villaseñor R., J. L. and F. J. Espinosa G., 1998. Tagetes erecta, the Mexican marigold or Aztec marigold, is a species of the genus Tagetes native to Mexico. Sahagún also describes, in the same work, that the plant had a role in the rituals of the religious festival Mexica of the month Teculhuitontli, where the goddess of salt Huixtocíhuatl, whose color was yellow, was celebrated and who offered herself as sacrifice a woman. Big marigold may be the best descriptive name because plants are noted for their large flowerheads. [25] The dried flower petals, ground to a powder, are used in poultry feed to ensure a good colouration of egg yolks and broiler skin, especially in the absence of well-pigmented yellow maize in the feed. Scientific Name: Tagetes L. (Asteraceae) erecta L. Related Plants 'Big Duck Gold' 'Giant Perfecta Series' 'Pollux' 'Simba' 'Yellow … Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Volume 5 : Herbaceous ornamental and useful plants . The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose. eFlora Treatment Author: David J. Keil Reference: Strother 2006 FNANM 21:235--236 The scientific name of the french marigold is Tagetes patula L. Scientific names. In foods and beverages, tagetes is used as a flavor component. Fund of Economic Culture. [14], It is widely cultivated and there are many cultivars used in gardening as an ornamental plant. Subphylum: Angiospermae. Species. Vázquez-García L. M., Víveros-Farfán I. M. G. and Salomé-Castañeda E. 2002. Tagetes erecta. Mexican marigold is an erect annual herb that grows up to a height of 180 cm. Mexican marigold (Tagetes erecta). 28-67. The season of sowing and transplanting of seedlings for obtaining flower at different seasons of the year are given below: Flowering season Sowing Time Transplanting time Tagetes patula, commonly called French marigold, is a compact annual that typically grow 6-12” tall and feature single, semi-double, double or crested, fragrant flowers (1-2” diameter) in shades of yellow, orange, red and bicolor. It is widely cultivated as an easily grown bedding plant, with thousands of different cultivars in brilliant shades of yellow and orange. Promptly deadhead spent flowers. Heuzé V., Tran G., Hassoun P., Lebas F., 2017. illegit. Genus Tagetes L. – marigold P : Contains 8 Species and 8 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Species Tagetes erecta L. – Aztec marigold P: Species Tagetes lemmonii A. Fanerogamic Flora of the Valley of Mexico. Michoacán University of San Nicolás de Hidalgo. Tagetes erecta, the Mexican marigold or Aztec marigold,[2] is a species of the genus Tagetes native to Mexico. Blooming Season : Early Spring, Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Late Summer. A less well known species, Tagetes tenuifolia has small flowers and leaves than most other marigolds. The archaeological record of the use of Tagetes erecta among pre-Hispanic civilizations is not as abundant as in the case of other species of the same family. Despite its being native to the Americas, it is often called African marigold. Class: Dicotyledonae. Marigold can be grown three times in a year – rainy, winter and summer seasons. KANNADA: Chenna mallige Marigold is an ornamental plant, a rather coarse, erect, glabrous branched, rank-smelling annual herb, 0.4 to 1 meter … [22] Other uses include respiratory diseases such as colds, flu, bronchitis and nasal congestion as well as gynecological problems. HINDI: Genda MANIPURI: Sanarei MARATHI: Jhenduphool KONKANI: Gondiphool. Despite its being native to the Americas, it is often called African marigold. [11], In their wild form they are found in the Balsas basin and western Mexico and live in diverse types of ecosystems, such as tropical deciduous forests, thorny forests, cloud forests and pine-oak forests. Cempasúchil (Tagetes spp.) (Tagetes erecta) African Marigold 'Crackerjack' mix is an heirloom that grows to 36 inches tall. Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type; Tagetes major Tagetes major Gaertner, Fruct. ): Excursion flora of Germany . Species Tagetes erecta L. – Aztec marigold P Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. The common name of these plants is Marigold, their extracts smell sweet-herbaceous with … Collection, characterization and use of Tagetes erecta L. As ornamental; Advances X National Congress and III International Ornamental Horticulture. Scientific Name : Tagetes erecta. Marigold Quick Facts Name: Marigold Scientific Name: Tagetes erecta Origin Central America, Mexico and Guatemala Colors Black Shapes Angular achene 7–10 mm It has been proposed the identification of Tagetes erecta of some flowers represented in Aztec art, such as those seen in the monolith of Coyolxauhqui, as part of the headdress of the goddess, proposed as a symbol of their sovereignty or death; also form part of the collar wears a god plant in a vase found in the Templo but also could be Tagetes patula. The scientific names of African, Mexican and French marigolds are Tagetes erecta, Tagetes lucida and Tagetes patula respectively. Rzedowski J and Rzedowski GC. The plant also has a history of use against intestinal parasites and worms with one study indicating that it has a different mechanism than the anthelmintic drug levamisole. Leaves: 4 to 11 cm long, very deeply pinnatifid, the lobe lanceolate, coarsely and sharply toothed, 1 to 2.5 cm long. Common Name: Inca marigold, Marigold inca ii yellow, Marigold inca ii, Marigold inca ii yellow pinch young plants to promote bushy growth. & D.H.Nicolson Tagetes excelsa Soule Tagetes heterocarpha Rydb. It is also used as a natural dye on textiles. With the arrival of the Spaniards in Mexico, the documentary record of the ceremonial and medicinal use of the Tagetes erecta increased in which the flower is described by Bernardino de Sahagún as:[13]. 1 2 3 has a long flowering period extending throughout the summer and fall. Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Pinnate leaves with toothed, lance-shaped leaflets are aromatic. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … African Marigold ‘Crackerjack’(Tagetes erecta) African Marigold ‘Crackerjack’. Marsh marigold is scientifically known as Caltha palustris. Mexican marigold (Tagetes erecta L.) is an herbaceous plant from the sunflower family, cultivated commercially for its yellow flowers, both as an ornamental plant and as a source of feed pigments and food colouring additives. Note: Tagetes erecta L. (heads 1--few, generally large; involucre widely cylindric or bell-shaped, 13--19 mm; ray flowers 8--many) a waif in disturbed places. Tagetes species Tagetes erecta Name Synonyms Lappa bardana var. They typically grow from 1-4’ tall and feature huge, mostly double-globular flowers (2-4” diameter) in various shades of yellow, orange, and whitish. In Mexico, this plant is found in the wild in the states of México, Michoacán, Puebla, and Veracruz. [20], The ray florets have been used in lettuce salads and other foods to add colour and flavour. Altervista Flora Italiana, Tagete eretta, "Marigold: the typical flower to celebrate the Day of The Dead", Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, "Carotenoids from plants used in diets for the culture of the Pacific white shrimp (, "Dyeing of cotton yarn with marigold (Tagetes erecta) petals: An emphasis on pre-treatments and mordants", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tagetes_erecta&oldid=989296961, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 04:43. The fruits and seeds are: linear achenes 7 to 10 mm long, smooth or slightly covered with stiff hairs at the corners. [8], It is a herbaceous annual or perennial whose height ranges from 30–110 cm. «Symbolism of ceramics from the Templo Mayor». Sem. 1791, nom. 2005. In the flowers of the disc: 150 to 250 in the simple heads, in the doubles it shows different degrees of transformation in ligules, yellow to orange corollas, of 8 to 10 mm in length. These flowers are called Cempoalxóchitl; they are yellow and of good smell, and wide and beautiful, that they are born, and others that sow them in the orchards; They are in two ways, some they call females Cempoalxóchitl and they are big and beautiful, and others that are called Cempoalxóchitl males are not so beautiful or so big. Tagetes erecta L. Dwarf marigold (Engl.) – sweetscented marigold P: Species Tagetes micrantha Cav. & Nicolson. It is widely cultivated commercially with many cultivars in use as ornamental plants,[5] and for the cut-flower trade. Annual. 1). Tagetes erecta, commonly called African marigold, Aztec marigold, American marigold or big marigold, is native to Mexico and Central America. It was described as a genus by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. Some studies indicate the effectiveness of the latter in the prevention of coronary artery disease, heart attacks, immune response, old age and cancer. However, since antiquity it is also used for food and medicinal purposes. Plug crop time: 3 weeks Scientific Name : Tagetes erecta Common Name : African (American) Marigold Blooming Season : Spring, Late Spring, Summer Plant Habit : Mounded, Upright Spacing : 8 - 10" (20 - 25cm) Height : 10 - 12" (25 - 30cm) Width : 8 - 10" (20 - 25cm) Exposure : Sun Grower Information : Seed supplied as: Coated, De-tailed. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. University of the State of Mexico. In the work of the physician Francisco Hernández, it is described that the name cempoalxóchitl received at least seven types of flowers, noting that the term properly described the largest of them and that the Spaniards called it carnation of Indian, also lists its medical properties. [23], Antioxidant activity has been discovered in the essential oil of this plant although less than that of α-Tocopherol, possibly attributable to the presence of camphor and methyl eugenol[24] It is most effective against the nematode species Pratylenchus penetrans. It is also used to enhance colouring in crustaceans,[20] such as the Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei).[27]. Triploid F1 hybrids (T. erecta x T. patula) combine the large flowers of the African marigold with the more compact size of the French marigold into vigorous plants featuring 2-3” diameter flowers on stems rising 10-18” tall. [19] Water infused with the fragrant essential oil of the flower was used to wash corpses in Honduras, and the flower is still commonly planted in cemeteries. Marigold (Engl.) Heyden, Doris (1987). The most intense orange tones of the flowers are related to a higher content of carotenoids, especially xanthophyll. The stem is striated, sometimes ridged, smooth or slightly with villi, cylindrical, oval and herbaceous to slightly woody, with resin channels in the bark, which are aromatic when squeezed. The Aztecs gathered the wild plant as well as cultivating it for medicinal, ceremonial and decorative purposes. The Aztec Templo Mayor: A Symposium at Dumbarton Oaks, 8th and 9th October 1983 (Dumbarton Oaks). Scientific Name : Tagetes erecta Common Name : African (American) Marigold Blooming Season : Early Spring, Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Late Summer Plant Habit : Upright Spacing : 8 - 10" (20 - 25cm) Height : 16 - 18" (41 - 46cm) Width : 10 - 12" (25 - 30cm) Exposure : Sun Grower Information : Seed supplied as: Coated, De-tailed. [10], Although native to Mexico, they are also found in the countries of Central America and the Caribbean: Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, and Venezuela. Common Name : African (American) Marigold. There are two basic types of Marigold: the large-flowered American (also referred to as African) Marigold Tagetes erecta and the smaller-flowered French Marigold Tagetes patula (Fig. Bloom Description: Yellow, orange, and whitish. The Plants Database includes the following 8 species of Tagetes . 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