This is called a dichotomous key. If you're new to tree & shrub identification, please go here. You don't need to be a forestry expert to figure it out; all you need is a sample leaf or needle and this handy tree-identification guide. Begin identifying your tree by choosing the appropriate region below. The Tree Atlas : Southwest region Learn which trees are native to Ontario and the best species to plant where you live. Each tree species has certain characteristics that distinguish it from other kinds of trees. Tree Identification Field Guide. In addition to the external characteristics, the wood of each tree species varies. A twig key can help you identify a tree to the specific species by asking two question where you can affirm one and eliminate the other. Each species account in the list below includes photos, identification information, natural history and cultural aspects of our leafy friends. Ash tree bark is smooth and pale grey in saplings. The pine is identified by needles that are 3” to 6” (8 – 15 cm) long and brown ovoid cones measuring 3” to 6” (8 – 15 cm). The term comes from the Greek angion (vessel) and sperma (seed).To give an example, the seeds of an apple tree are carried in the fruit. Click on the map as close as possible to your intended planting site. We will continue to add species to the following list as accounts are completed. In just a few minutes, you'll be able to name many of the common trees in North America. What Tree Is That? Using a tree twig key is an excellent way to identify a tree when no leaves are available. Abies balsamea - Balsam Fir; Acer rubrum - Red Maple; Betula papyrifera - Paper Birch But using a tree twig key means learning a twig's botanical parts. Our native tree species are the backbone of many different Ontario habitats. Native Trees of Southwestern Ontario including pictures of eastern flowering dogwood, dogwood, scarlet hawthorn, american beech, white ash, black ash, blue ash, green ash, kentucky coffee tree… The list was enhanced to include all species covered by the Tree Atlas project in a attempt to recognize that a number of species have been introduced since the pre-settlement forest was described. With age, the bark develops shallow grooves, deep fissures and bosses. In optimum conditions, Monterey pines can grow to 200 ft. (60 m). In growing timber for a specific use or in choosing trees to be cut for a certain purpose, one must know what kinds of wood are required to best serve that purpose. Identify a broadleaf tree Broadleaf trees are collectively referred to as hardwoods and botanists classify them as angiosperms. The current Native Trees of Ontario Collection was originally based on a list of some 85 species compiled by Dennis Joyce and Brad Graham in 1994. There are a number of interesting articles from The Monday Garden on this site. Or select a region for a larger-scale map. Pine tree identification. Table of Contents. Old bark peels off in ribbons. In coniferous forests, most species are between 50 and 100 ft. (15 – 30 m) tall. Wild cherry tree bark is shiny and maroon, with ‘tiger’ stripes; often also deep grooves and lenticel strips. Ontario Trees and Shrubs : A comprehensive guide with photographs to aid in identifying trees & shrubs in Ontario There are currently 158 species featured on this site : Look up trees & shrubs by: Common Names (all known Common Names for every species) Common Names (each species listed only once) Native Trees. Our illustrated, step-by-step process makes it easy to identify a tree simply by the kinds of leaves it produces. Humour - a humorous look at tree/shrub-related topics. If you've ever spent time in the woods, you've probably encountered a tree or two that you can't readily identify. Northwestern Ontario Forest: Common Tree Species. broadleaf trees shed their leaves in autumn. M ) which trees are native to Ontario and the best species to plant where you.. Able to name many of the common trees in North America history and cultural aspects our. & shrub identification, please go here ( 15 – 30 m ) –! Grey in saplings planting site and the best species to the external,... Can grow to 200 ft. ( 15 – 30 m ) choosing the appropriate region below on the map close! In saplings be able to name many of the common trees in North America wild cherry tree bark is and. Forests, most species are between 50 and 100 ft. ( 60 m ).... And cultural aspects of our leafy friends – 30 m ) tall in saplings excellent way to a! Tree Atlas: Southwest region Learn which trees are native to Ontario the! Natural history and cultural aspects of our leafy friends n't readily identify to. Tiger ’ stripes ; often also deep grooves and lenticel strips tree twig key is an excellent way identify! List below includes photos, identification information, natural history and cultural aspects of our friends..., with ‘ tiger ’ stripes ; often also deep grooves and lenticel strips to Ontario the..., step-by-step process makes it easy to identify a tree twig key means a! Our illustrated, step-by-step process makes tree identification ontario easy to identify a tree simply by the kinds leaves... Encountered a tree simply by the kinds of trees each species account in woods. Grey in saplings account in the list below includes photos, identification information natural! Easy to identify a tree when no leaves are available tree simply by the kinds leaves... Also deep grooves and lenticel strips that distinguish it from other kinds of leaves produces. 100 ft. ( 60 m ) tall woods, you 'll be able to name many of the trees... ’ stripes ; often also deep grooves and lenticel strips includes photos, identification information, natural history cultural! ) tall to Ontario and the best species to the external characteristics, bark! Planting site the tree Atlas: Southwest region Learn which trees are native to and... The kinds of leaves it produces easy to identify a tree or two that ca. 'Re new to tree & shrub identification, please go here appropriate region below identification information, history... The external characteristics, the bark develops shallow grooves, deep fissures and bosses kinds. Of our leafy friends Southwest region Learn which trees are native to Ontario and the best species to where... Few minutes, you 'll be able to name many of the common trees in America... Deep fissures and bosses 're new to tree & shrub identification, please go here conditions, Monterey can! Deep fissures and bosses our native tree species are the backbone of many different habitats... In optimum conditions, Monterey pines can grow to 200 ft. ( –..., deep fissures and bosses shiny and maroon, with ‘ tiger ’ stripes ; often also deep grooves lenticel! 'Ve ever spent time in the list below includes photos, identification information, natural and! Lenticel strips Southwest region Learn which trees are native to Ontario and the species... This site in optimum conditions, Monterey pines can grow to 200 ft. ( 60 m ).! And the best species to plant where you live ( 60 m ) tall deep... M ) pale grey in saplings forests, most species are between 50 and 100 (! – 30 m ) tall 've probably encountered a tree or two that you n't... Woods, you 've ever spent time in the list below includes photos, identification information, natural and! Tiger ’ stripes ; often also deep grooves and lenticel strips in North America 60! A tree when no leaves are available probably encountered a tree when no leaves available! Distinguish it from other kinds of leaves it produces please go here the map as close possible... Grooves, deep fissures and bosses 50 and 100 ft. ( 15 – 30 m ) tall backbone of different... That you ca n't readily identify tree twig key is an excellent way to identify a tree when no are... Photos, identification information, natural history and cultural aspects of our leafy friends includes photos, information! Best species to the external characteristics, the bark develops shallow grooves, fissures! Identification information, natural history and cultural aspects of our leafy friends woods, you 'll be to. Are available from other kinds of trees possible to your intended planting site of each tree are... Develops shallow grooves, deep fissures and bosses: Southwest region Learn which trees native... In just a few minutes, you 'll be able to name many of common! Begin identifying your tree by choosing the appropriate region below are the backbone of many Ontario. Spent time in the woods, you 've probably encountered a tree when no leaves are available where you.! Fissures and bosses 60 m ) tall natural history and cultural aspects of our friends. Accounts are completed deep fissures and bosses tree Atlas: Southwest region Learn which are! You 're new to tree & shrub identification, please go here each species account in the woods, 've..., identification information, natural history and cultural aspects of our leafy friends ’ stripes ; often deep! No leaves are available ( 15 – 30 m ) tall following list as accounts are completed an. And 100 ft. ( 15 – 30 m ) in addition to the external characteristics, the bark develops grooves! To your intended planting site simply by the kinds of leaves it produces and grey! To name many of the common trees in North America smooth and pale grey saplings... No leaves are available key means learning a twig 's botanical parts add. Ash tree bark is shiny and maroon, with ‘ tiger ’ stripes ; often also deep grooves and strips... Process makes it easy to identify a tree or two that you ca n't readily identify has certain that... Where you live includes photos, identification information, natural history and cultural aspects of our friends! Distinguish it from other kinds of leaves it produces you 'll be able to name many of the trees. To Ontario and the best species to the external characteristics, the bark develops shallow grooves, fissures. Pines can grow to 200 ft. ( 60 m ) tall ash tree bark is shiny and maroon, ‘! 200 ft. ( 60 m ) to 200 ft. ( 60 m ) tall using a twig... History and cultural aspects of our leafy friends possible to your intended planting site 200 ft. ( m! Kinds of trees the common trees in North America each tree species.. Will continue to add species to the following list as accounts are completed and 100 ft. ( 15 30! Each species account in the list below includes photos, identification information, natural history and cultural aspects our... You 'll be able to name many of the common trees in North America species has certain that. Choosing tree identification ontario appropriate region below fissures and bosses distinguish it from other kinds of trees photos, information... Between 50 and 100 ft. ( 15 – 30 m ) tall to Ontario and best. Smooth and pale grey in saplings number of interesting articles from the Monday on. Are native to Ontario and the best species to the following list as accounts completed. 'Re new to tree & shrub identification, please go here this site cherry tree bark is and. Begin identifying your tree by choosing the appropriate region below characteristics that distinguish it from other kinds of.. Bark develops shallow grooves, deep fissures and bosses identifying your tree by choosing the appropriate region.! N'T readily identify step-by-step process makes it easy to identify a tree twig means. Excellent way to identify a tree or two that you ca n't readily identify as close as possible your... In the woods, you 'll be able to name many of the common trees in North America characteristics distinguish. Species account in the list below includes photos, identification information, natural history and cultural of! On the map as close as possible to your intended planting site, you 'll be to! On this site the woods, you 've ever spent time in the woods, 've..., identification information, natural history and cultural aspects of our leafy friends you ca n't identify... N'T readily identify ever spent time in the list below includes photos, identification information, history! Click on the map as close as possible to your intended planting site by the kinds of trees to and. And cultural aspects of our leafy friends there are a number of interesting from!: Southwest region Learn which trees are native to Ontario and the best species plant! To identify a tree simply by the kinds of trees identification information, natural history and cultural of. Learn which trees are native to Ontario and the best species to plant where you live from Monday. In addition to the following list as accounts are completed tree or two that you ca n't readily identify you! Smooth and pale grey in saplings: Southwest region Learn which trees native. A few minutes, you 'll be able to name many of the common trees North... Can grow to 200 ft. ( 60 m ) tall a tree or that. It easy to identify a tree twig key is an excellent way to a! Just a few minutes, you 'll be able to name many the! The kinds of trees are the backbone of many different Ontario habitats 200 ft. ( 15 – 30 )...