**) In the table are included nationalities,percentage them of total population Autonomous Republic of Crimea not less 0.1%. II, v 9.5) refer variously to the Strait of Kerch as the Κιμμερικὸς Βόσπορος (Kimmerikos Bosporos, romanized spelling, Bosporus Cimmerius), its easternmost part as the Κιμμέριον Ἄκρον (Kimmerion Akron, Roman name: Promontorium Cimmerium,[13] as well as to the city of Cimmerium and whence the name of the Kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus (Κιμμερικοῦ Βοσπόρου). [152], Painting of the Russian squadron in Sevastopol by Ivan Aivazovsky (1846), The grave of Russian poet and artist Maximilian Voloshin, People at the Kazantip music festival in 2007, Following Crimea's vote to join Russia and subsequent annexation in March 2014, the top football clubs withdrew from the Ukrainian leagues. Further east still is Theodosia/Kaffa/Feodosia, once a great slave-mart and a kind of capital for the Genoese and Turks. Lalawigan ang Autonomous Republic of Crimea (Rinuso: Автономная Республика Крым, Pinulongang Ukranyano: Автономна Республіка Крим, АР Крим) sa Okraniya. Radar. Crimean Peninsula (Unsplash).jpg 4.272 × 2.848; 3,41 MB Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Syvash in the Crimean Peninsula, Ukraine. The development of Crimea as a holiday destination began in the second half of the 19th century. It has a diversified economy of light industry and services, and it is a major regional transportation hub. Krym, peninsula and republic (1991 est. The first of these, consisting of the northern and central part of Crimea (which constitutes about three-fourths of the peninsula), is made up of a level plain that slopes down gently from south to north. Much of the natural border between the Crimean Peninsula and the Ukrainian mainland comprises the Sivash or "Rotten Sea", a large system of shallow lagoons stretching along the western shore of the Sea of Azov. Between Crimea and the mainland to the north lies Syvash (“Putrid Sea”), a network of shallow inlets that is separated from the Sea of Azov by the Arabat Spit, a 70-mile- (113-km-) long sandbar along the eastern shore of Crimea. ARC - Autonomous Republic of Crimea. This makes for significant annual fluctuation in water flow, with many streams drying up completely during the summer. Many of his paintings depict the Black Sea. **) In the table are included nationalities,percentage them of total population Autonomous … Tourists came from all around the Soviet Union and neighbouring countries, particularly from the German Democratic Republic. [45][48] The Verkhovna Rada, the parliament of Crimea, voted to grant Crimea "extensive home rule" during the dispute. United States Agency for International Development. The peninsula, then under the control of the Bosporan Kingdom, later became a client kingdom of the Roman Empire in 63 BCE. Numerous Crimean Tatar villages, mosques, monasteries, and palaces of the Russian imperial family and nobles are found here, as well as picturesque ancient Greek and medieval castles. Situation of human rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine : resolution / adopted by the General Assembly UN. [147], Following the 2014 Russian annexation of Crimea 38 out of 46 the Ukrainian Orthodox Church – Kyiv Patriarchate parishes in Crimea ceased to exist, in three cases churches were seized by the Russian authorities. Crisis in the Borderlands", 2015) – about the very legitimacy of the 1954 transition of Crimea to Ukraine; in the critics' view the transition contradicted even the Soviet law. Artek was considered to be a privilege for Soviet children during its existence, as well as for children from other communist countries. [115][116][117][118] Sanctions against individuals include travel bans and asset freezes. and Ukr. Russia declares the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. [74] The largest rivers are the Salhyr (Salğır, Салгир), the Kacha (Кача), the Alma (Альма), and the Belbek (Бельбек). See the, Crimea – Dynamics, challenges and prospects / edited by Maria Drohobycky. [46] On 5 May 1992, the Crimean legislature declared conditional independence,[47] but a referendum to confirm the decision was never held amid opposition from Kyiv: elected president of Crimea Yuriy Meshkov, was replaced by Kyiv-appointed Anatoliy Franchuk, which was done with the intent to rein in Crimean aspirations of autonomy. On the north side of the peninsula is Chernomorskoe/Kalos Limen. [69], Article 10 of the Constitution of the Republic of Crimea recognizes three official languages: Russian, Ukrainian and Crimean Tatar. Crimea contains the longest (96 km or 59 mi) trolleybus route in the world, stretching from Simferopol to Yalta. The National Congress of Paraguay has adopted a declaration condemning Russia's occupation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukraine's Embassy in Argentina has told Ukrinform. Rivers: The longest is the Salhir River which rises southeast of Simferopol and flows north and northeast to the Sea of Azov. [35], In 1774, the Khanate was proclaimed independent under the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca with the Ottomans,[36] but was then conquered by the Russian Empire in 1783.[37][38]. [95], The most important industries in Crimea include food production, chemical fields, mechanical engineering, and metalworking, and fuel production industries. During World War II, Crimea was downgraded to the Crimean Oblast after its entire indigenous population, the Crimean Tatars, were deported to Central Asia, an act recognized as a genocide by Ukraine and 3 other countries. The eastern tip of the Crimean peninsula comprises the Kerch Peninsula, separated from Taman Peninsula on the Russian mainland by the Kerch Strait, which connects the Black Sea with the Sea of Azov, at a width of between 3–13 kilometres (1.9–8.1 mi). A total of more than 230,000 people – about a fifth of the total population of the Crimean Peninsula at that time – were deported, mainly to Uzbekistan. At the most recent Crimean parliamentary election on 14 September 2014, United Russia won 70 of the 75 seats in the State Council of Crimea based on just over 70% of the vote. [84] The plains usually receive 300 to 400 millimetres (11.8 to 15.7 in) of precipitation per year, increasing to 560 millimetres (22.0 in) in the southern coast at sea level. [43] In time the peninsula also became a major tourist destination for cruises originating in Greece and Turkey. First Deputy Foreign Minister of Ukraine Emine Dzheppar has called on the European Union to expand sanctions against the Russian Federation in response to the organization of illegal "elections" in the temporarily occupied territories of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea … [103] This is insufficient for local consumption and since annexation by Russia, Crimea is reliant on an underwater power cable to mainland Russia.[104]. General Assembly (73rd sess. Many did not survive. 577 ‘On the non-recognition of the ongoing annexation by the Russian Federation of the sovereign territory of Ukraine, the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, illegally called the ‘Republic of Crimea’,” the report reads. The Krymchaks (but not the Karaites) were targeted for annihilation during Nazi occupation. The second law, "On the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea," stated that all the 100 deputies are elected on the basis of universal, equal, and direct suffrage (without any mention of the national electoral districts, or quotas for either the Crimean Tatars, or other formerly deported groups, or national minorities). Crimea became part of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic in 1921 as the Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, which became part of the Soviet Union in 1922. The development of the transport networks brought masses of tourists from central parts of the Russian Empire. Bakhchisarai (1532–1783). West: The Isthmus of Perekop /Perekop/Or Qapi, about 7 km (4 mi) wide, connects Crimea to the mainland. “Situation of human rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol (Ukraine)” for a dedicated thematic report of OHCHR on the “situation of human rights in the temporarily occupied Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol”. On 25 June 1946, it was downgraded to the Crimean Oblast, and the Crimean Tatars were deported for alleged collaboration with the Nazi forces. Thank you, Madam Chair, and a warm welcome to colleagues and friends who have gathered here today. Industrial plants are situated for the most part in the southern coast (Eupatoria Sevastopol Feodosia Kerch) regions of the republic, few northern (Armiansk Krasnoperekopsk Dzhankoi), aside from the central area, mainly Simferopol okrug and eastern region in Nizhnegorsk (few plants, same for Dzhankoj) city. In 1783, Crimea was annexed by the Russian Empire as the result of the Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774). Jews in Crimea were historically Krymchaks and Karaites (the latter a small group centered at Yevpatoria). From 1853 to 1856, the peninsula was the site of the principal engagements of the Crimean War, a conflict fought between the Russian Empire and an alliance of France, Britain, the Ottoman Empire and Sardinia.[39]. Republic, southern Ukraine in 1783, Crimea changed hands numerous times and won. A 12-mile- ( 19-km- ) long bridge spans the Kerch Strait Kakhivka ( Kakhovka.! From this time was contested between Byzantium, Rus ' and Khazaria Greeks, 12,075,! Khanate, a smaller facility ) and sometimes garrisoned by the international community 45 Dateien in! Early 20th century, a move that was denounced by the limited availability of suitable soil ] winters are at. With short, mild winters and moderately hot dry summers includes cattle,! 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