(i) Surveying (iv) The word ‘Calligrapher’ means Or. (function (w, d) { for (var i = 0, j = d.getElementsByTagName("ins"), k = j[i]; i < j.length; k = j[++i]){ Neither can you write a story about history without … The empire is the giver and its subjects are always loyal to the throne. Historians are learned individuals who spend their professional lives researching and trying to make sense of the past. 1. })(window, document); Your email address will not be published. He laid emphasis on the upliftment of society which was introduced by the Britishers in India. (iv) lower How will the information historians get from old newspapers be different from that found in police reports? There was a time when history was an account of battles and big events. For this, they set up record rooms attached to all administrative institutions. That is why it is not possible to fix date for each and every event. According to his telling of history, before the British came to India, the Hindu and the Muslim despots ruled the country. The British also established specialised institutions such as archives and museums to preserve important records. (iv) Mill thought that all Asian societies were at a level of civilisation than Europe. Official records do not always help us understand what other people in the country felt, and what lay behind their actions. (ii) False, Or. One can study the notes and reports which were prepared in the past. The information printed in newspaper are usually affected by the views and opinions of the reporters, news editors etc. Here what I want to say is that some other events were also happening at that time in India within the society but nothing was put on record for them. Any information or proof of any decision can be read/used from the preserved documents. In the process of writing the whole story with a shift in the subject we would be in a need of some new set of dates making the old dates less significant and thus a new set of dates will become important. (i) (c), (ii) (a), (iii) (d), (iv) (b). (iii) Where was it located when Delhi was built? Calligraphists the one who writes beautifully were also appointed in order to copy the important documents. In this chapter we will discuss that why we study history and why it is so important to remember the dates and the happenings of past of the different parts of the world. (c) Albert Einstein Official documents help us what the people of the country think. (c) Lord William Bentinck In this way, they gathered all the facts that were essential for administering a country. The British believed that the act of writing was important. (iv) True, Q.6- Who was the Calligraphists? Mention one important source used by historians in writing about the last 250 years of Indian history. It does not talk about anything else. (i) The British were very particular about preserving official documents. Their copies may be made and used in modern times. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words to complete each sentence. All rights Reserved. The British conquered India in the following ways: Question. Moving away from the British classification, the historians have divided Indian history into ancient, medieval and modern but this categorization also has some problems. Answer. (b) Lord Mountbatten Historians divide Indian history into ancient, medieval and modem. Answer. A date doesn’t become important if something big happened on that day in the past but it gains its significance on the basis of how much keen we are to study the events which happened during a particular time. Moreover, it is not even an interesting task for many of us but have you ever thought why we need to remember dates or why we should study history? Even cattle would not eat the chapatis and dal which they had to eat. Writing is both an essential part of the learning process and one of the most important ways that historians communicate their ideas and conclusions to one another. Answer. Observe the picture below taken from the NCERT textbook (page 1) and answer the questions that follow: Questions: To do it well requires several steps of refinement. Writing a book review is one of the fundamental skills that every historian must learn. Class 8 History – Chapter 1 Picking a topic is perhaps the most important step in writing a research paper. Hence, they got written up every instruction, plan, policy decision, agreement, investigation, etc. Required fields are marked *, About | Privacy Policy | Disclaimer | Sitemap. For example, we drink tea or coffee but how did it become part of our dietary habit and when it first came into use by man. Medieval was a term used to describe a society where these features of modem society did not exist. How, When and Where Class 8 History Chapter – 1 (NCERT) 2. A variety of faiths existed apart from Hinduism and Islam. What major approaches to "class" as a theoretical category do historians commonly use? Nonetheless, professional historians have generally agreed on a number of conventions, or practices, that distinguish history writing from writing in other academic disciplines. Surveys are done by government and private companies. (a) 1920s Synopsis 1. (iii) One of the strikers said that the food supplied to them was not fit for human consumption. Answer. This handout was written with several goals in mind: to explain what historians do and how they approach the writing process, to encourage you to think about your history instructor’s expectations, and to offer some strategies to help you write effectively in history courses. Answer. Most people believe that history is a "collection of facts about the past." Why did the British preserve the official documents? 1. (v) Census operations are held (b) Official documents help us understand what the people of the country think. They wanted to know India in order to administer it properly. Who was James Mill? When preparing to write for a history course, do not simply rush into the writing process! We can’t fix a particular date because many of the things happen over a stretch of time. But this division too has its problems. So, can we write history covering the events which were related to Indian society within the format of the British governor generals? Similarly, if we move back to the example of tea, do we know the exact date on which Indians started drinking tea? A. How, When and Where Class 8 History Chapter 1 Explanation, Question Answers. Answer. Question 5. Why do history courses place such an emphasis on writing? In order to know what other people of the country felt and the reasons behind their actions we need to look for other sources such as: All these serve as a good source to write the history. How do the official records of the British administration help historians to write about the last 250 years of Indian history? What are these problems? (ii) When did it come up? Have you ever thought why the dates are so important? Whereas the newspapers describe about the real happenings of that time. (b) every seven years What evil practices, according to James Mill, dominated the Indian social life before the British came to India? But what historians find in police reports are usually true and realistic.

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