“i” or not, I would just tell you that if Replace the question marks with the stem you want to use. ?u?ani, they (present These are Present, Past and Imperative. plural feminine)= ?a?a?na. Past and present tense-1 sort the past and present tense ID: 1456635 Language: Arabic School subject: Arabic language Grade/level: 3 Age: 7-13 Main content: Grammar Other contents: Add to my workbooks (0) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom This Arabic course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic. 2. letters in red (the stem we used before) and put your own verb stem instead. Click on the image to see the bigger and clear Picture. You will learn in this lesson: Arabic verbs, present tense, past tense in Arabic, and future tense. /* Font Definitions */ In Modern Standard Arabic, the main way to negate past-tense verbs is to add the negative particle لَمْ lam "not" before the verb, and to put the verb in the jussive mood. Replace the question marks with your stem one by one. The lesson pack contains a lesson plan, lesson presentation and accompanying activity sheets to scaffold children's learning. Arabic Verbs Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Arabic. color:blue; You have to memorize the patterns for both the; 2 Letter Verbs and 3 Letter Word tables. = ansahu, you advise = tansahu…(and not ansuhu .. tansuhu) and so on… (Note that the stem here is “n.s.h” as male or female) = katabtumaa, they wrote (dual Isn’t that a piece of cake! These are Present, Past and Imperative. tense, dual male or female)=. may change to “a” or “i” ), al-bint takallamat fii al-qism. For example, the dominant vowel in yaktubu is a damma (dah-mah; “ooh” sound). masculine) = yarsumuna. For example, the verb “wrote” in the past tense is kataba (kah-tah-bah); its three consonants are “k,” “t,” and “b.” Here are some common verbs you may use while speaking Arabic: The following table shows the verb kataba (kah-tah-bah; wrote) conjugated using all the personal pronouns. It is used to ask somebody if they would like to do something. delete and add your own consonant of the verb you chose to conjugate: kataba, If you scroll down to the bottom The simple present tense. Arabic Present Tense and the example verb "kataba" We are already familiar with the root form of the verb "akala" from the previous chapter which presented the perfect tense. panose-1:3 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1;} singular masculine)= ?a?a?ta, you (past tense, Verbs in Arabic Language; Part 2: All you need to know about the Present Tense in Arabic language, Declension and Conjugation; including the Subjunctive and Jussive Moods: Brain Friendly Study Cards. A future verb tense exists, but it’s a derivative of the present tense that you achieve by attaching a prefix to the present tense of the verb. Look at the table Present Tense Verbs (الأفعال المضارع) Verb conjugation for Arabic appears complicated at first, and yet it is quite simple if you remember this cardinal rule: the subject, the … masculine) = tarsumuna, they draw (plural tense. Tenses in Arabic are divided into three types: past, present and future. you will easily decide whether to put “a” or verbs, present tense, past tense in Arabic, and future tense. (I will write), sa adhabu (I will go), or This lesson teaches the present tense in Arabic. 1 - a 2 Letter Verb has different rules to a 3 Letter Word, although they both have some similarities aswell. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. margin-left:0in; stem from the verb in the infinitive first, for example: To draw = rasama  This root is also the singular male form of the verb. 6 What you should Know? depending on the verb, like for example for the verb nasaha (to advise) instead Conjugate an Arabic verb with Reverso Conjugator in all tenses: past tense, participle, present, active participle, passive. Free interactive exercises to practice online or download as pdf to print. Past / Present / Future tense in Arabic by LinguisticMiracle.com. that you won’t get confused. The past tense and imperative tense are always "Mabneyy" مَبْنِيّان. First take the verb you want to tense, plural feminine)= ?a?a?tunna, they (past @page Section1 For the appropriate verb conjugations, see the imperfect (' D E 6 ' 1 9 ) conjugations here. plural masculine)= ?a?a?tum, your (past We will use our experince of building the forms of the perfect tense while building the forms of the present tense. these verbs we will have: dhb = dahaba ذهب  (to go), hrb = haraba  هرب(to run away), ktb = kataba  كتب(to write), nsh = nasaha  نصح(to advise), drb = daraba ضرب  (to hit). Here’s a table showing the past tense of typical Form I verb so you can spot the suffixes in a pinch. PastTenses is a database of English verbs. 2. The store had been closed when I got there. 1. Conjugate Arabic Verbs in Past Tense. (present tense, singular feminine)= ta? ?u?ani, you + (the verb in present tense). The simple present tense is rarely used in Egyptian Arabic outside a few set situations. tense, dual male or female)= ?a?a?aa, you (past tense, to conjugate it in the paste tense then replace the first consonant on the Verbs in Arabic Amiya have tree different forms only. font-size:13.0pt; (present tense, singular masculine)= ta? be modified or removed from verb, it stays the same), Red font (that’s what you need to {font-family:"\@SimSun"; A present tense refers to an unfinished action. what has been said by others. Year 2 Simple Past & Simple Present Tense Warm-Up PowerPoint. The PAST means that the action happened before the time of speaking. They all seem to have the same tune. The simple present tense. verbs, present tense, past tense in Arabic, and future tense. font-style:italic;} of using the “u” in green we have to change it You can think about it just like about the present tense. Each form of the verb rasama above contains: Blue font (that’s what you need to keep, the blue font shouldn’t 2. Edited by Hotelier, priya, Eng. She puts the keys on the table. We also learnt the types of root verbs according to their minimum number of letters. page-break-after:avoid; er sieht. it simple here is an example: to draw = rasama = رسم (he drew), to write = kataba The store closed when I got there. Table 3: Yaktubu, Conjugated Using All the Personal Pronouns. How to Conjugate for Levantine Arabic Verbs in Present Tense. Use our search box to check present tense, present participle tense, past tense and past participle tense … font (that’s what you need to keep, the blue font shouldn’t 4. (present tense, plural feminine)= ya, they (past difference this time is that you won’t have to do it that often as the case conjugate, extract all its 3 consonants, put them in place of the 3 red The present tense is the verb tense used to describe a current event or state of being, but, oddly, the present tense can also describe past and future events. Conjugating the Past Tense . In addition, there is a vocabulary list about colors and finally some common phrases. In theory, the tense gap between English and Arabic is limited to the simultaneous uses of the progressive and perfective aspects to express past, present and future times. I have two brothers. f t p. Using the words in parentheses, complete the text below with the appropriate tenses, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. A typical practice is to memorize the three forms of each verb. form of that verb and conjugate it to the third person singular “he”, to make as you can, they will help you a lot in your conversations and understanding {font-family:SimSun; @font-face middle of some verbs sometimes don’t really follow the rule, Examples: Spanish: yo hablo = I speak, if you follow this rule you margin-left:0in; A present tense refers to an unfinished action. Here are some simple sentences that combine nouns, adjectives, and verbs in the past tense: Conjugating verbs in the past tense is relatively straightforward, but conjugating verbs in the present tense is a bit trickier. of the stem you have of your own verb, then replace “t” Does this sentence mean that the store closed upon my arrival? For example, one may say, "I ate". You can put almost all is rsm, now let’s look at the table below to see how this What is the past tense and what is the present tense? To form the Arabic future tense simply use: sa or sawfa For example, the dominant vowel in yaktubu is a damma (dah-mah; “ooh” sound). The simple present tense is rarely used in Egyptian Arabic outside a few set situations. verb, for example the verb to draw = rasama, once we extract all vowels we will The structural form of the past tense is one of the easiest grammatical structures in the Arabic language. Present tense definition: The present tense signals an action that is currently going on or habitually performed. Today, we will show you how to conjugate most regular Arabic verbs in the past tense for all people. I'll explain that to you. /* Style Definitions */ Basically, you only need to be concerned with two proper verb forms: the past and the present. Today, we are going to speak about the present tense and how to conjugate it from the past (root). In this lesson, we are going to learn about verbs, the present tense particularly. To conjugate them, you keep the first part of the word constant and only change the last consonant of the word using the corresponding suffixes to match the personal pronouns. {font-family:"Times New Roman"; Dr. Rukayah Alhedayani. In this series of lessons, I will provide a detailed explanation for each verb, in terms of declension and relevant signs, as well as conjugation, using brain friendly In addition, there is a vocabulary list about survival expressions and finally some common phrases. Simple Present Tense. (ah-kal-nah tah-am lah-zeez; We ate delicious food. (and not adrubu). For the appropriate verb conjugations, see the imperfect (' D E 6 ' 1 9 ) conjugations here. A simple past tense verb is rendered into the present perfect tense by prefixing it with the particle قَدْ. Does this mean that the store closed, and I arrived there after that? margin-bottom:.0001pt; you (past tense, (I will go), sawfa adhabu (I will go). Remember now the three root letters a,k,l of the "akala". singular feminine)= ?a?a?ti, you (past tense, and put yours, you will easily get è If you don’t know how to extract the stem from a verb (even {color:purple; Tenses in English and Arabic I will approach this lesson differently from previous grammatical categories we addressed together. The fatHa creates the “ah” sound. {margin-top:12.0pt; 1 - a 2 Letter Verb has different rules to a 3 Letter Word, although they both have some similarities aswell. 6 What you should Know? The four present tenses are the simple present tense, the present progressive tense, the present perfect tense, and the present perfect progressive tense. You’ll be very pleased to know that verb tenses in Arabic, when compared to other languages, are fairly straightforward. (plural masculine) = katabtum, your wrote English: simply take the verb “to go” I go, you go, he gos? tense, you will have to change the vowel in the green font into “i”, the only For the investigating need ... tenses is sub divided into present, past, and future and from the three tenses produce the twelve of the tenses. (al-bee-net tah-kah-lah-mat fee al-kee-sem; The girl spoke in the classroom. rules of the table above when it comes to the past tense unlike the present m’appelle” with “ll”. (present tense, plural feminine)= ta? font-family:Arial; ?u?una, your “fa’ala” “ lalala” sounds like “rasama” if you compare its vowels and the To conjugate your own trilateral verb into the past tense go to the table and have your verb What is Present Tense in English? Unfortunately, there’s no hard rule you can use to determine which dominant vowel is associated with each verb. {font-family:"Monotype Corsiva"; Tarsumu Present & Past Tenses Fill in the gaps using either present, past, present perfect, past perfect - simple or progressive ID: 31873 Idioma: inglés Asignatura: English as a Second Language (ESL) Curso/nivel: Intermediate Edad: 14+ Tema principal: Verb tenses "> {margin:0in; one too, but not all the time, sometimes it becomes “a” or “i” instead of “u” is ktb, now let’s look at the table below to see how this the case with all trilateral verbs (verbs with three consonants, which are the 3. To form the past tense in Arabic you need to extract the (singular masculine)  = katabta, you wrote Simply add sa or sawfa before the verb (conjugated in the present tense). verb is dahaba = to go, 2: the stem is dhb, delete and add your own consonant of the verb you chose to conjugate: kataba è ktb, Past Tense Verb – It’s Anatomy and Conjugation. (present tense, plural feminine)= ya??u?na. When you know how to conjugate verbs in the past tense, your sentence-building options are endless. ), ‘akalnaa Ta’aam ladhiidh. Table 2: Personal Pronoun Suffixes for Verbs in the Past Tense. Table 1: Kataba, Conjugated Using All the Personal Pronouns. The present tense is what's happening right now. male or female) = yarsumani, you draw (plural Remember now the three root letters a,k,l of the "akala". We also learnt the types of root verbs according to their minimum number of letters. trilateral Arabic verbs in this table. The teacher shouts at us all the time. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. The easiest way to learn how to conjugate Arabic verbs to the present tense is to look at the table below: It’s very easy to put hundreds of verbs in the model above, just replace the numbers with the three consonants of the verb: # 2 = first consonant, # 3 = second consonant, # 4 = third consonant. Aside from prefixes and suffixes, another major difference between the past and present tenses in Arabic is that every verb in the present tense has a dominant vowel that’s unique and distinctive. In this series of lessons, I will provide a detailed explanation for each ve Coffee grows in Brazil. Every personal pronoun has a corresponding suffix used to conjugate and identify the verb form in its specific tense. I prefer my coffee black. there are also verbs containing more than three letters in their root (stem) (plural feminine) = katabtunna, they wrote (plural In Standard Arabic (Which is the language used in reading and writing). You will learn in this lesson: Arabic verbs, present tense, past tense in Arabic, and future tense. to “a” I advise of this page you will find a list of 122 trilateral verbs, they will help you train (singular feminine)  = katabti, you wrote (dual In Arabic verbs take their infinitive form by using the past verb is conjugated in this tense: you wrote If you donate to us, we will put the donated money into improving the site even more by adding content and services. March 22, 2016 April 5, 2016 Learn Arabic. What does past tense mean? Verb forms English Arabic Present (F1) imperfective Past (F2) Perfective Past participle (F3) imperative Present participle (F4) All these examples are not considered irregularities but semi We take for instance the verb: to draw = rasama = رسم as you can see it in Arabic it has only three consonant (R ر , S س, M م), this verb sounds exactly like our model Conjugating the Irregular Spanish Verb Ser (to Be), Conjugating the Irregular Spanish Verb Tener (to Have). In addition, there is a vocabulary list about colors and finally some common phrases. The past tense and present tense are both verb tenses that we use to signify when something happened.The past tense includes the different words we use when talking about things that happened in the past or have already happened.For example, 'I had a bath this morning' or 'I was sad'. Hello, and thank you for watching VisiHow. The simple present tense is rarely used in Egyptian Arabic outside a few set situations. daraba ضرب  (to hit). If I say it that way, it means it's happening right now in the present as opposed to happening later, in the future, or before now, in the past. dual male or female)= ?a?a?tumaa, they (past {page:Section1;} You use the same suffixes regardless of which of the ten verb forms you’re using. قد, like ما, is simply a particle and it always looks the same. محمد ذهبَ إلى المدرسة = Mohammad went to school. should be replaced by “i”. h3 Past Tense/Present Perfect/Past Perfect? Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. French, German or even English before, you will notice that the vowels in the margin-right:0in; Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. we mentioned earlier), for the verb daraba (to hit) we use “i” instead, I hit = adribu, he hits = yadribu. consonants are spread in the word katabtu, consonant+ vowel+ consonant+ vowel+ consonant. For the appropriate verb conjugations, see the imperfect (المضارع) conjugations here. She is listening the music now. Notice how both the suffixes and prefixes change in the present tense. Lars: Excuse me, which movie are you waiting for? daraba ضرب  (to hit), in fact most Arabic verbs are formed this margin-right:0in; In more colloquial usage, it is possible to give the verb in the present indicative mood (which is largely identical in form to the jussive). Give it a shot and get to perfect your grammatical skills. PlanIt Y2 SPaG Lesson Pack: Past and Present Tenses. Aside from prefixes and suffixes, another major difference between the past and present tenses in Arabic is that every verb in the present tense has a dominant vowel that’s unique and distinctive. There aren't similarity for Continuous Tense in Arabic but the case is different in Arabic dialects. The present tense of verbs expresses events or actions that are occurring now, relative to the speaker—or to actions that are habitually performed and may not necessarily be happening right now. tense, dual male or female)= ta, they (present 8. … Note:  in case you’re confused whether to replace the “a” in the green font with male or female) = katabaa, you wrote in the present tense, in the past tense they can be conjugated the same way as Arabic verbs fall into Three main tense (time) categories: past, present and imperative. When I am explaining my findings from a report, is it more appropriate to use past/present tense because the conditions and data did not change. "> know. conjugated and what forms it takes, normally for a three letters verb we use: fa’ala = فعل (present tense, plural masculine)= ya, they dahabtu!!). For example, yaktubu means “to write.” Add the prefix sa- to yaktubu and you get sayaktubu, which means “he will write.”, ‘al-walad dhahaba ‘ilaa al-madrasa. they/we were. Note that sometimes the “a” in the green font 3: omit the (k, t, b) stem in the table above would use yo dormo for the verb dormir, but instead Spanish is using yo تلاب Singular Dual Plural Past Present Past Present Past Present ... With only two tenses (past and present), the whole conjugation can be presented in one page. masculine) = katabou, This is very easy and simple! The easiest way to learn how to conjugate Arabic verbs to the present tense is to look at the table below: It’s very easy to put hundreds of verbs in the model above, just replace the numbers with the three consonants of the verb: # 2 = first consonant, # 3 = second consonant, # 4 = third consonant. Arabic Present Tense and the example verb "kataba" We are already familiar with the root form of the verb "akala" from the previous chapter which presented the perfect tense. Comments. @font-face We spoke earlier about the past tense of Arabic verbs and learnt that the root verb is always in the past tense. ID: 1247839 Language: English School subject: English language Grade/level: Elemental Age: 13-18 Main content: Verb tenses Other contents: Verb tenses Add to my workbooks (2) Download file pdf Video: Conjugate Arabic Verbs in Past Tense. CONTENTS Prologue 7 Lesson 1 Mapping the Arabic Language 9 Lesson 2 Introducing Arabic Words 13 Lesson 3 The Past Tense Verb [ﻲﺿِﹶﺍﻟﺎَﻤﹾ ﻞْﻌِﻔﹾﻟﹶﺍ] 17 Lesson 4 The Present Tense Verb [ﻉﺭﺎَﻀﹺﹶﺍﻟُﻤﹾ ﻞْﻌِﻔﹾﻟﹶﺍ] 23 Lesson 5 The Present Tense Verb in the State of Rafa’ [ﻊﹾﻓَﺭ] 29 synthetic reasons). Some regular verbs have more than three consonants, such as: Even though these verbs have more than three consonants, they’re still considered regular verbs. Although Arabic grammar has a future tense, you’ll be glad to know that the tense has no outright verb structure. most frequently used verbs in Arabic) the first and second consonant go font-family:"Times New Roman";} As you may have noticed, look at how the three conjugated the same way the third person singular feminine “she” does. Present Continuous Tense. First, you refer to all regular verbs in the past tense using the huwa (hoo-wah; he) personal pronoun. One can check verbs forms in different tenses. This means that when you conjugate the verb yaf’alu using the personal pronoun ‘anaa, you say ‘anaa ‘af’alu and not ‘anaa ‘af’ulu. You can compare the conjugation below with the one above to see the differences in the jussive as compared with the simple present tense. You will learn in this lesson: Arabic font-size:14.0pt; Note that the first part of the verb remains constant; only its suffix changes depending on the personal pronoun used. Note that the second person singular masculine “you” is same characteristics. margin-bottom:3.0pt; 1. panose-1:5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0;} -->. page-break-after:avoid; Most verbs in Arabic have a three letters root or stem, font-size:12.0pt; If you scroll down to the bottom However, in the verb yaf’alu (yaf-ah-loo; to do), the dominant vowel is the fatHa (fat-hah; “ah” sound). The past tense in Moroccan Arabic is almost identical to the past tense in Standard Arabic with these exceptions: The first person - "I" - ending is silent. text-decoration:underline;} all we care about, ignore the similarity or difference in the consonants, what In this lesson pack children learn how to identify and use past and present tenses. irregularities, which means that they’re modified only for phonetic and (present tense, plural masculine)= ta? Unlike the English, you use present verb to express both of simple present form and present continuous form. The store had closed when I got there. Video: Conjugate Arabic Verbs in Past Tense. would also suggest to read more about the forms that most of verbs take so that Basically, every regular verb that’s conjugated in the past tense follows a very strict pattern. Edited by Hotelier, priya, Eng. Today, we will show you how to conjugate most regular Arabic verbs in the past tense for all people. Past Simple and Present Perfect Tense PowerPoint. In case you think that this is too complicated, I will tell tense, dual male or female)= ya, you 1) Simple Present Tense Now we will focus on the present form/tense. you’re a beginner just leave the “a”, because “a” is the most common, but I 2005-2006 © speak7.com   admin@speak7.com. Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) ... Arabic Language & Islaamic Studies Syllabus. We will use our experince of building the forms of the perfect tense while building the forms of the present tense. panose-1:0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0;} (present tense, singular masculine)= ta, you (present Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. stem ready (don’t tell me you forgot how to make a stem from a trilateral verb). Rather, you achieve the future tense by adding the prefix sa- to the existing present tense form of the verb. When you look up a verb in a dictionary you will be given the past and present tense of the verb in the 3rd person masculine (He). However, many new writers use the present tense, particularly in action sequences. The dominant vowel is always the middle vowel. For basic past tense conjugation, called الماضي in Arabic, the root of the verb, that is ذهب , is then followed by a suffix according to who or what it is referring to. See list of verb forms in Arabic and conjugation models. Of course not, the right form is he goes as you Past / Present / Future tense in Arabic - LinguisticMiracle.com Addeddate 2011-02-23 11:55:04 Identifier first take our stem from the verb, in other words, extract all vowels from the margin-bottom:3.0pt; margin:1.0in 1.25in 1.0in 1.25in;} “Was" is the past tense of verb “to be" used for singular objects e.g. duermo = I sleep, French: the verb “appeler” if you respect the French rules consonant on the table above. Review Part 1: The Past Tense (Click here). together, so you can use this table with other verbs as well by replacing the Verbs in Arabic Language; Part 1: All you need to know about the Past Tense in Arabic language, Declension and Conjugation: Brain Friendly Study Cards. yourself conjugate them to the right tense. a:link, span.MsoHyperlink (present tense, plural masculine)= ta, your you Below is a grammar test on simple and present tense designed to help you check how much you understand about the two. The present tense is how we talk about things that are happening in the present moment. div.Section1 To illustrate the difference between past and present tense, the verb kataba (wrote) is conjugated as yaktubu (yak-too-boo; to write), whereas the verb darasa (studied) is yadrusu (yad-roo-soo; to study). @font-face of the stem “rsm” are always together, that’s The simple present tense. kataba  كتب(to write), nasaha  نصح(to advise), I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. tense. text-decoration:underline;} It is used to ask somebody if they would like to do something. Second, the overwhelming majority of verbs in huwa form in the past tense have three consonants that are accompanied by the same vowel: the fatHa (fat-hah). 1.Perfect Tense, 2.Imperfect Tense or the Present Tense. Identifying Whether a Sentence is in the Present Simple or Past Simple Tense SPaG PowerPoint Quiz. You have to memorize the patterns for both the; 2 Letter Verbs and 3 Letter Word tables. trilateral verbs, since the trilateral verbs (containing three consonant) are Comments. The vowel in green (he wrote) = كتب. stem from the verb in the infinitive first, for example: To write = kataba è stem You may also call this as the past tense because the action is completed before the present so it belongs to the past. Watch the video and play the activity to find out more with this primary English KS1 and KS2 Bitesize guide. with the present tense, because the “a” is more used. tense, dual male or female)= ta? I’m not sure about you, but one of my major challenges while learning Arabic was always (and still is some days!) Do you remember the two ?u?u, you Past tenses worksheets and online activities. Example: I wrote = katabtu , if you want to 6. remembering the different conjugations for different pronouns. below: To form the present tense in Arabic you need to extract the font-family:Arial;} though it’s very easy) we will go through it now: by omitting all vowels from Example 1: *This is what I found in the system.. vs. 7. German rule we should write: he sees = er seht, but instead the correct form is Arabic There is no difference between sa I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. The lesson pack also includes an additional consolidation activity, an application and an assessment activity to secure the children's learning of past and present tenses. 3 Parts: Steps. When looking at an Arabic-English dictionary the verb will be listed under the root. ?u?na, they This lesson teaches the past tense in Arabic. way. Topics arabic, tenses, linguisticmiracle.com, language, arabs, islam, Collection opensource Language English. ). We spoke earlier about the past tense of Arabic verbs and learnt that the root verb is always in the past tense. The simple present tense. if you want to use sawfa: sawfa aktubu (singular masculine)  = tarsumu, you draw verbs (to advise = nasaha, and to hit = daraba) that we conjugated differently “i” when conjugating verbs into the past For the appropriate verb conjugations, see the imperfect (المضارع) conjugations here. Conjugate Arabic Verbs in Past Tense. {size:8.5in 11.0in; In addition, there is a vocabulary list about survival expressions and finally some common phrases. In Arabic verbs take their infinitive form by using the past form of that verb and conjugate it to the third person singular “he”, to make it simple here is an example: to draw = rasama = رسم (he drew) , … rasama & kataba , like I said before many verbs will follow the general table above in red “k” with the first consonant Using the past tense is also the natural way you might tell a story about something that has happened to you. Share this, Baarak Allaah Feekum. (al-wah-lad zah-hah-bah ee-lah al-mad-rah-sah; The boy went to the school. Therefore, the writer interests to choose it. tense in Arabic. 5. German: the verb “sehen” to see, by following the general In Arabic, the past tense is produced with a system of suffixes.

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