First used in ancient Egypt, and then in Classical Greece and Rome, but not again until the seventeenth century in the Netherlands. Coquillage From of decorative shell motif which became popular during the Baroque and Rococo periods. But how many of us actually know the history behind this ubiquitous household item? Given that it claims an essential spot in our home, there are many types of sofa out there. Cartouche Motif with curved or rolled edges suggesting a scroll shape or a piece of paper with curling edges. Étagère Set of free-standing or wall shelves used to display objects. But … The opposite of cavetto moulding. Cross-member Horizontal, supporting rail. Popular from 1760 and again in the 1840’s. Coats of heat-hardened spirit varnishes and, later, cheap oil-based varnishes were types of japanning applied to furniture from the 1660s onwards. Frequently applied to furniture during the Renaissance and Neoclassical periods. These Are 13 Iconic Designer Chairs You Should Know. Cartonnier Eighteenth-century cabinet of French design. It became a popular furniture decoration from the sixteenth century onwards, especially during the Neoclassical period. The same flowing lines are seen in the classic logo for Coca-Cola. This was then enclosed with a second layer of glass or a coating of varnish. Gilding Ornamental coating of goldleaf or gold dust, used alone or along with other forms of ornament, such as enameling, to cover a piece of furniture. Highboy Tall chest made up of a chest-of-drawers set on a lowboy, sometimes standing on cabriole legs. Base often contains drawers. These types of sofa were popular in French aristocratic homes in the 19th century. Capital Head or crowning feature of a column or pilaster. Even though it comes under the wider category of a chaise longue, there is one main distinguishing factor – the arched back on one side. It is easy to identify a chesterfield style sofa. Caquetoire/euse Armchair of sixteenth-century French design, with a high narrow back and a trapezoidal seat. The most widely recognized type of Shaker chair would be a slat-back side chair or the famous Shaker rocking chair. Usually, the central vertical section projects slightly in front of the side sections. Aren’t they adorable! One of his principles was the relationship between function, form and craftsmanship. Lambrequin Fringe-like motif imitating fabric swag. Reeding Parallel, convex reed moulding derived from decoration used on classical columns. Shop our best selection of Traditional Sofas, Couches & Loveseats to reflect your style and inspire your home. It is the opposite of fluting. Antique Victorian Federal Empire Sofa Box Sofa 35101 6 photo. Amphora Classical two-handled storage jar later adopted as a neoclassical decorative motif. It adds a feeling of luxury and opulence to the space. Hadley chest Often elaborately carved rectangular dowry chest consisting of a set of drawers surmounted by a lidded chest. For most people, the term vintage furniture is used to describe a piece between 30 to 100 years old—at 100 years or older, a furniture piece becomes classified as an antique. Popular in the late seventeenth and first half of the eighteenth centuries. Dentil motif Feature of classical architecture which became a popular furniture motif in the seventeenth century. From the tiniest of apartments to the grandest of mansions, there is one item of furniture that can be found in them all. Bracket foot A foot extending from each side of a corner to a centre point at the base. I hope this information will also help you choose the right furniture and save you on time, instead of looking at seemingly endless choices! While Queen Elizabeth didn’t begin her reign until 1533,… 7 Ways to Use Low Height Furniture in Your Home Decor. A seat for one, this sofa is a chair and footstool combined for the perfect downtime. Rail A horizontal piece in the framework of a chair such as a seat-rail meant to support vertical members. Bracket Right-angled fitting acting as support to a horizontal member. Term derived from Roman wall-paintings found in Nero’s Golden House, the rooms of which became known as ‘grottoes’ when excavated in c.1500. Cresting Carved ornament on top of furniture, i.e. Its high arms provide support to sink into the couch and rest. Used on the Greek klismos and revived on eighteenth-and nineteenth-century seat furniture. Also called a knurl foot, Braganza foot, and, in America, a paintbrush foot. A balustrade is a row of balusters with a joining rail at the top. Found on sixteenth-and seventeenth-century Spanish and Portuguese furniture, it later spread to Northern Europe. Once again, it was Thomas Chippendale’s furniture company that was responsible for making the camelback a popular choice in furniture for aristocratic families in 18th century England. Gueridon French candlestand or table for a candelabrum dating from the seventeenth and early-eighteenth centuries, usually in the shape of a footed column, pedestal or other central piece supporting a circular tray. Volute foot Outward-scrolling foot popular on Baroque furniture. Applied decoration Decoration, normally carved, laid onto the surface of a piece of furniture. It was originally published in London. Understanding the basics of sofa construction can make you a shrewd judge of sofa quality. Free-standing or incorporated in a sideboard. These objects are usually kept in a house or other building to make it suitable or comfortable for living or working in. The name comes from the resultant patter of the grain, which resembles oyster shells. Consists of a series of equally spaced square or rectangular tooth-like blocks. Derived from Greek architecture, the caryatid has been popular since the Renaissance and enjoyed particular favour in the Rococo and Neoclassical periods. Top-rail The uppermost horizontal rail on a chair-back. Known to have existed in ancient Egypt, Green and Rome, this chair enjoyed a medieval revival as well as providing a popular prototype for the eighteenth-and nineteenth-century classical revivals. A daybed is like a cross section between a chaise and a sofa. Case Furniture which proved storage space, as opposed to seat furniture. Popular in late eighteenth and nineteenth-century Europe. Rock the blues away on the steady Taylor rocking chair. Antique furniture may support the human body (such as seating or beds), provide storage, or hold objects on horizontal surfaces above the ground. A tufted back and seat cushions, clean lines and hairpin-style slanted legs are the main characteristics of the mid-century sofa. Moreover, when we choose a sofa we tend to focus on the color and size. In the antiques trade, the term refers to objects more than 100 […] Some say an Antique is: An object of considerable age valued for its aesthetic or historical significance. Styles of vintage couches, sofas, and chaises that are available include these: Pre-1800: Sofas, couches, and chairs made before 1800 do not all share the same look. Armoire Large cupboard with one or two doors, originating in late-sixteenth-century France. The main purpose is to use it for seating during the day and as a bed at night. Chaise longues are the perfect types of sofa for reading. It derives its name from the French for long chair. Also called horn-of-plenty. Halving joint Way of creating a flat join in crossing timbers by cutting out a half thickness from each piece. Also refers to heavily carved or glided sconces or wall-brackets with mirrored backplates to reflect the candlelight. Creating a perfect home also involves knowing more about the things you own. Purchase Antique Vintage Sofas Easily From Reputable Dealers Trefoil Form of Gothic ornament in the shape of three symmetrical leaves. Burled (American) or burr (British) wood veneer Popular from the seventeenth century. Primarily a Dutch decorative technique. The top is often flap-fronted to provide a large writing surface when open. A sofa is made up of many different parts. Paw foot Leg terminal in the shape of an animal’s paw. Valuable woods such as mahogany, rosewood, walnut and satinwood were used to cover a cheaper carcase, often at the same time concealing construction detail. Crocket Popular Gothic motif often in the shape of a leaf or flower which projects from the surface of chairs and some case pieces. Also known as terminus or herm. Popular in nineteenth-century Europe and America. Very fashionable from the late seventeenth century. Slipper foot Flat, elongated foot which differs from the snake foot in that its end is more pointed. The arms are also lower than the back. Papier mache Technique using sand, chalk, size and paper pulp which, when dry, forms a hard substance; later moulded to form furniture. Also horizontal moulding projecting from the top of case pieces such as bookcases and cabinets. Popular Neoclassical form in Europe and America.L. PPad foot Club foot resting on an integral disc. Towards the end of the eighteenth century sideboards replaced buffets in the dining-room, although the buffet enjoyed renewed popularity during the nineteenth-century Gothic revival. Motifs used include pagodas, fretwork, Chinese-style finials, mandarins, coolies, birds, landscapes and rivers. The antique furniture pieces reflect the style and features of the time they were made; this can be called the antique's "period" (Eduardian, Tudor, Colonial, etc.). Fluffy Furs and Curious Cabinets: It’s the Broached Monsters! Bun foot Round, turned and sometimes ‘squashed’ foot commonly used on William and Mary case furniture. Popular French Neoclassical and Empire form. Egg-and-dart moulding A principal decorative motif of classical origin consisting of oval or egg shapes alternating with leafy arrowheads. You will find designs from countries throughout Europe, and different periods such as Victorian, Georgian, or Edwardian, as well as various types of wood such as mahogany, walnut, or oak. Pieces of wood are cut at an angle so that when joined they form a right angle. a mirror frame or the top-rail of a chair, headboard or footboard of a bed or along the back-rail of a day-bed. If load-bearing, also known as caryatid terminals. Daybeds come in various shapes and sizes and with some that have underneath storage, which is useful in smaller apartments. Vernis Martin A sophisticated japanning technique developed by the Martin brother s in France c.1730. Filigree Lace-lie ornament made from delicately curled and twisted gold or silver wire. The main characteristics of a loveseat, apart from the size, are a straight back and sometimes more than four legs for extra support. Cornucopia Classical motif in the shape of a goat’s horn out of which spill fruit, vegetables and flowers. This is probably the most commonly used sofa today. Vitruvian scroll Repeating patter resembling a series of ‘C’ scrolls or waves. This is a list of furniture types. Shell carving is basically carving in the wood to look like a shell. His collection of Broached Monsters plays on the magic of the Pankalangu and other creatures from story traditions. The 4th Earl of Chesterfield, Lord Philip Stanhope, requested the local craftsmen design a sofa that would allow men to sit upright yet comfortably, without wrinkling their clothes. It definitely adds a personal touch to your collection. Prized for its mottled or feathery grain. There is also a newer version of this sofa, called the humpback, which may have only one or two humps. Tole Tinware which has been decorated by means of japanning: known in America as toleware. Antique Furniture. What is thought to be an antique dresser may be something else. Male caryatids are less common and are called telamones. They are perfect for a formal room to impress your guests, or a luxurious library to read in style. The main characteristic is the arched middle and higher points at both ends. Occasionally the cylinder is of tambour form, i.e. By the mid-sixteenth century it had developed into a single chair. Lacquer Oriental varnish made from tree gum. The main characteristic of a daybed is that it does not have a back and hence needs to be placed against the wall for back support. Torus Like an astragal moulding, only thicker, this form of moulding is often used at the end of columns, frequently entwined with foliage. American Classical Empire Sofa with Cornucopias above Paw Feet Meridienne sofas are usually ornate with a lot of beautiful woodwork around its frame. In America, used to describe a bedroom chest-of-drawers. The whole piece rests on an open or cupboard-like stand. These types of sofa were popular in French aristocratic homes in the 19th century. Often used on chair-back and applied on panels. Much used in the nineteenth-century Gothic revival. Single chair or side-chair A chair without arms. This sturdy yet playful chair will spark your imagination. Check out this summer beach house in cool blue. Everything you buy for your home—furniture, rugs, lighting, artwork—can be plotted on a timeline based on when it was manufactured, and affixed with a generational label like “contemporary,” “antique,” “vintage,” or “retro.” An item’s age is a key facet of its value, along with its condition, quality, and relative rarity. In America, known as a tilt-top. Used from the nineteenth century onwards. Don’t be confused! Either hanging or free-standing. Lawson-style Sofa. The elegant style of a camelback sofa is fit for a formal room or an addition to the living room setting. Palmette Fan-shaped pattern derived from the shape of a palm-tree frond. Case Furniture which proved storage space, as opposed to seat furniture. Strapwork Originating in the sixteenth century in the Netherlands, this pattern of interlaced strap-like bands was extensively used in Northern European furniture in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; enjoyed a revival in the nineteenth century. Cabriole sofas with their bowed legs are also considered a characteristic of Thomas Chippendale’s furniture. Bantam work Incised lacquer work named after Bantam, a province of Dutch Java, and commonly found on Dutch and English furniture. You may come across old furniture handed down through your own family, or at a resale or antique … Mitre Joint Corner joint used from the seventeenth century onwards. Crossbanding Thin strips of decorative cross-grained veneer. Antique furniture at Wooden Nickel is a constant turnover. They can be placed in the bedroom to create a cozy nook, in the hallway for some additional seating around the house or even in a smaller living space where a full-sized sofa might be too big to handle. 3. Check out this home tour of a Barcelona apartment that keeps things eclectic but casual. Their small size means they can fit into almost any space and are so much more comfortable than two single chairs. Vitrine Glass-fronted cabinet which stood independently or on a stand and was used to display china, silver and curios; normally nineteenth century. Check out these gorgeous examples of low height furniture. Our team creates original content, from home tours to DIYs each piece is created especially for NONAGON.style readers. An accompaniment to a pier-table or commode in the seventeenth century. You don't have to have a house filled with Victorian furniture, but a nice piece or two from that period can complement your existing decor. Klismos Classical Greek chair with saber legs, the front ones curving forwards and the back ones backwards. For example, the fainting couch -- also known as the chaise lounge-- makes an inspiring addition to a master bedroom when placed between a pair of windows.The fainting couch allowed tightly corseted woman a moment of reprieve when needed. Of classical origin, it was commonly used on eighteenth-century furniture. Rebate joint Formed by cutting a groove, wedge or, most commonly, rectangular section along the edge of one piece of wood and fitting it with another, matching piece of wood; can be glued or nailed. Splat Central flat support between a chair’s seat and top-rail. Much of Shaker furniture styles originated in America in the mid-1800s. It adds a traditional look to the room. Here’s a round up for gorgeous modular sofas and chairs that would make a lovely addition to our homes. And all these different parts can vary from sofa to sofa, giving each a distinct look and feel. Drawers open on one side, with sham-fronted ones on the other. They are found in mahogany furniture from the Georgian, Victorian and Edwardian periods. This gorgeous sofa was popularized by King Louis XV in the first half of the 1700s. Early models were caned, later ones upholstered. Torchere A portable stand for a lamp or candle, often fashioned like a tall table with a small top. One example is the popular Greek key pattern. Shapes of furniture from this style tend to be more rectangular. The tuxedo sofa is characterized by a clean geometric shape, more like a box, and with arms the same height as the back. Patera Round or oval medallion motif frequently incorporating fluting, leaves or flower petals in its design. February 21, 2017, Features & Interviews, Shopping & Gift Guides. Fine antique dealers consider objects 150 years and older to be antique. Sarcophagus A rectangular, coffin-shaped box taper to a smaller size at the bottom. Spindle Slim, turned member which may be of constant width or decoratively turned. Also known as a rabbet joint. Carcase The main body or understructure of a piece of furniture, over which a layer of veneer or other covering is applied. Or why not see if these low slung sofas are your sort of thing with our article 7 Ways to Use Low-Slung Furniture in Your Home Decor. Trifid foot Foot with three toe-shaped sections. Arcading Carved architectural ornament suggesting arches. You can use it casually like a chaise to add a whole lot of style to your home. Sign up for our newsletter to get the latest home tours and giveaways. One such furniture suite includes a Duncan Phyfe sofa, two armchairs, ten side chairs, and two footstools. The beautiful shape of this sofa is ideal for creating an ornate and refined look. Its high-gloss finish became fashionable in Europe in the seventeenth century. Bureau plat Flat writing-desk in the form of a large, elongated table, often with two or three drawers underneath. Probably Flemish in origin, it was widely used in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries to decorate furniture and wall paneling. This type of carving was often used in early period and early Georgian furniture. It is a popular choice of furniture among many home owners that appreciate mid-century modern architecture. A popular and influential cabinet and chair maker from England, Chippendale produced mid-Georgian and English Rococo styles right up to the end of the 18th century. Turning Method of shaping wood by revolving it on a lathe. Sign up for our newsletter and get the latest home tours and giveaways. Athenienne Basin on a tripods stand copied from an example found at Pompeii. Bergere Wing armchair with filled-in sides from French designs of c.1725. Tip-top or snap-top Form of pedestal table in which the top is hinged to the base and tilts vertically when not in use. XX-frame chair An X-shaped, often folding, structure was used to support this type of chair or stool, also called a cucurule. OOgee A continuous double curve in the shape of an ‘S’, referred to by Hogarth as ‘the line of beauty’; used for mouldings. They are then glued and/or nailed together. Diaper motif Trellis of repeated square or lozenge shapes sometimes enclosing carved decoration. Baluster Turned, vase-shaped vertical post. Much use of contrasting encaustic colour. Birdcage Hinged columnar mechanism used on tables which allows the top to revolve or tip vertically. Canted A beveled or chamfered surface; used to refer to furniture legs inclining outwards. This method proved costly so a cheaper imitation, Scagliola, was often used. Of classical origin, It has been used extensively as carved decoration on furniture. Technically, an antique is a piece of furniture with special value because of its age, particularly those pieces embellished with fine artistry. In sixteenth-and seventeenth-century England, buffet was synonymous with court cupboard. It’s the ideal furniture choice for a minimal home due to its defined shape and composed look. This differs from marquetry which uses applied veneers, not sole pieces of wood. Cornice Highest part of three principal members of the entablature. 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