Today, most people don't need to know how a computer works. Small pieces of software that work at a low level within the operating system. I. Program we'll be using to create programs. How to interact with a computer program is all the average person needs to know. This is one of over 2,200 courses on OCW. A comprehensive database of more than 10 introduction to computer quizzes online, test your knowledge with introduction to computer quiz questions. Our online introduction to computer trivia quizzes can be adapted to suit your requirements for taking some of the top introduction to computer quizzes. Mike works for a Software development company which develops computer games for children aged 8-14. Introduction To Computers: Hardware and Software In this section of notes you will learn about the basic parts of a computer and how they work. / Francis Glassborow. Linux is not as tightly tied to a graphical user interface, although several such interfaces do exist. QA76.6.G575 2003 005.1 dc22 2003020686 British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data Offered by Stanford University. Chemistry Education Instructional Resources web site https://chemdemos.uoregon.edu. Languages include C, Python, SQL, and JavaScript plus CSS and HTML. ... Introduction to Computer Ethics . quizlet co m 247617918 introduction to co mp uters fl a sh c a rds 6 9 COMPUTER from C10V C10J at Ashworth College Welcome! All of the physical components that come together to form a computer. MIT OpenCourseWare is a free & open publication of material from thousands of MIT courses, covering the entire MIT curriculum.. No enrollment or registration. An introduction to the intellectual enterprises of computer science and the art of programming. System software refers to the software used to operate the computer components. James Tam What Is Hardware? Return to the list of courses. A beginner s introduction to computer programming : you can do it! The collection of programs that make the computer do useful work. Introduction . 2.3. p. cm. Introduction to Microsoft© Word 2007 . James Tam This is also sometime called the machinery or the equipment of the computer. Linux can also be run on small embedded systems that do not have a large monitor, so it's common to control a Linux system through a command-line interface. A computer is a device capable of performing computations and making logical decisions at speed millions and even billion of times faster them human beings can. Description. 1 . Software can be broken into two parts: System Software and Application Software. Introduction to Computer Science using Java by Bradley Kjell is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License. Software Development Methods - Something we've touched on before, but understand the steps and the different methodologies. The OS boots up the computer and makes sure everything is operational. Software Development Methods - Something we've touched on before, but understand the steps and the different methodologies. Helps programmers easily design, write and debug programs in one application. Title. It was created by Andrew Sutherland in October 2005 and released to the public in January 2007. • A computer is made up of hardware. Hardware refers to the physical elements of a computer. Introduction to Computer Security draws upon Bishop's widely praised Computer Security: Art and Science, without the highly complex and mathematical coverage that most undergraduate students would find difficult or unnecessary.The result: the field's most concise, accessible, and useful introduction. This course is an introduction to Logic from a computational perspective. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. After a brief introduction to programming concepts, this unit focuses on the importance of abstraction and modularity for managing complexity. Examples of hardware in a computer are the keyboard, the monitor, the mouse and the central processing unit. System software can be separated into two different categories, utility programs and operating systems. Most people can simply turn on a computer or a mobile phone and point at some little graphical object on the display, click a button or swipe a finger or two, and the computer does something. computer virus: A software program installed without the user’s knowledge and designed to alter the way a computer operates or to cause harm to the computer system. Over the ensuing decades, many corporations created so-called "IT departments" to manage the computer technologies related to their business. Quizlet trains students via flashcards and various games and tests. Highly popular operating system that features a graphical operating system and a large number of hardware and software vendors creating compatible peripherals and software applications. Operating systems are the foundation of your computer and almost every electronic device. But, since you are goi… portable media played, and PDAs, a drive that uses the same kind of memory that flash drives use, but can reach data in only a tenth of the time a flash drive requires, a place through which a peripheral device attaches to the computer so that data can be exchanged between it and the operating system, a port that can connect a wide variety of peripheral devices to the computer such as keyboards, printers, and digital cameras, a port that can give you acces to networks and the Internet or enable your computer to function as a fax machine, a port that transfers data up to speeds of 1000 Mbps and enables your computer to connect to a digital subscriber line (DSL) or cable modem, or a network, a secondary connectivity port that will accept a standard phone line connector; it uses a traditional telephone line to connect to the Internet, a type of technology used to transmit video signals; used on newer LCD monitors as well as other multimedia devices such as TVs and DVD players, video interface technology that newer LCD monitors as well as other multimedia devices such as TVs and DVD players use to connect to a PC, high-definition multimedia interface (HDMI), the latest digital connector interface that carries both HD video and uncompressed visual audio on one cable, transforms the wall voltage to the voltages required by computer chips; housed inside the system unit, a power-saving in which all of the documents, applications, and data you were using remail in RAM, where they are quickly accessible when you wake your computer, a power-saving mode that stores your data in memory and saves it to your computer's hard drive, restarting the system while the computer is powered on, how you set up your computer and other equipment to minimize your risk of injury of discomfort, a method of optical storage for digital data, developed for storing high-definition media; it has the largest storage capacity of all optical storage options, a method of optical storage for digital data; originally developed for storing digital audio, the process of starting a computer from a powered-down or off state, a method of optical storage for digital data that has a greater storage capacity than compact discs, a hard drive that is installed inside the system unit, organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display, a display that uses organic compounds to produce light when exposed to an electric current; unlike LCDs, OLEDs do not require a backlight to function and therefore draw less power and have a much thinner display, manipulating or organizing data into information, a device that can project images from your computer onto a wall or viewing screen, a small, joystick-like nub that enables you to move the cursor with the tip of your finger, a small camera that sits on top of a computer monitor or is built into a notebool computer and is usually used to transfer live video, a software program that goes out and grabs the latest update of Web material (usually podcasts) according to your specifications, a device that enables users to have a wireless Internet access with mobile devices such as smart phones and notebooks, a feature in some browsers that places a marker of a website's URL in an easily retrievable list, a word used to refine logical searches; for internet searches, the words AND, NOT, and OR describe the relationships between keywords in the search, a list that shows the hierarchy of previously used web pages within the web site you are currently visiting, a high-speed internet connection such as cable, satellite, or DSL, e-commerce transactions between businesses, e-commerce transactions between businesses and consumers, a type of broadband internet connection that uses a television's cable service provider to connect to the internet, an area on the web where people come together to communicate in real time, a computer that requests information from a server in a client/server network, a network, consisting of client and server computers, in which the clients make requests of the server and the server returns the response, e-commerce transactions between consumers through online sites such as ebay.com, the maximum speed at which data can be transmitted between two nodes on a network; usually measured in megabits per second (Mbps), a connection to the internet using a standard telephone line, a device that converts the digital signals the computer understands to analog signals that can travel over phone lines, a type of connection that uses telephone lines to connect to the internet and that allows both phone and data transmissions to share the same lines, a part of a URL consisting of 2 parts: the site's host and a suffix that indicates the type of organization, the process of conducting business online for purposes ranging from fundraising to advertising to selling products, internet-based communication in which senders and recipients correspond, a software program that runs over a computer and is used to send and receive email through the ISPs server, a feature in Microsoft Internet Explorer that plaves a marker of a web site's URL in an easily retrievable list in the browser's toolbar, internet access that is enabled by transmitting data at the speed of light through glass or plastic fibers, a protocol used to upload and download files from one computer to another over the internet, the portion of a domain name that identifies who maintains a given website (ex berkley.edu is the domain name for University of California at Berkley), a type of specifically coded text that, when clicked, enables a user to jump from one location to another site, the protocol that allows files to be transferred from a web server so that you can see them on your computer by using a browser, a program that enables users to communicate online in real time with others who are also online, a network of networks that is the hargest network in the world, connecting millions of computers from more than one hundred countries, the main pathway of high-speed communications lines over which all internet traffic flows, the means by which all computers connected to the internet identify each other consisting of a unique set of four numbers separated by dots such as 123.45.178.91, a means of synchonous group communication used in discussion forms, (1) a specific work a user wishes to look for in an internet search (2) a specific word that has a predefined meaning in a particular programming language, a program created by the US government, the objective of which is to fund the research and development of cutting-edge networking technologies, a bookmark that delivers updates to you as soon as they become available, using Really Simple Syndication (RSS), massive multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPG), a gaming environment in which thousands of participants interact in a virtual game world by assuming roles of ficticious characters, a search engine that searches other search engines rather than individual web sites, a communication device that works to translate digital data into an analog signal and back again, anything that involves one or more forms of media plus text, an online game in which play occurs among hundreds or thousands of other players over the internet in a persistent game environment; in some games, players can interact with other players through trading, chatting, or playing cooperative or combative mini-games, the general rules of etiquette for internet chat rooms and other online communication, a method of communication, similar to a discussion group or forum, in which people create threads, or conversations; in a thread, a newsgroup member will post messages and read and reply to messages from other members of the newsgroup, the information after the slash indicates a particular file or path within the web site, a small software program that "plugs in" to a web browser to enable a specific function, a clip of audio or video content that is broadcast over the internet using compressed audio or video files in formats such as MP3, Really Simple Syndication (RSS) technology, an XML-based format that allows frequent updates of content on the world wide web, a way to connect to the internet using a small satellite dish, which is placed outside the home and is connected to a computer with coaxial cable; the satellite company them sends data to a satellite orbeting the earth which sends the datat back to the satellite dish and to the computer, a set of programs that searches the web for specific words you wish to lok for and then returns a list of the websites on which those keywords are found, a computer that provides resources to other computers on a network, a keyword or term that internet users addign to a web resource such as a web page, digital image, or video, a means by which use the internet to communicate and share information among their immediate friends, and connect with others through common interests, experiences, and friends, a peogram that constantly collects information on the web, following links in web sites and reading web pages; spiders get their names because they "crawl" over the web using multiple "legs" to visit many sites simultaneously, technology that enables audio files to be fed to a browser continuously; this lets users avoid having to download an entire file before listening, technology that enables video files to be fed to a browser continuously; this lets users avoid having to download an entire file before viewing, a structured outline of web sites organized by topics and subtopics, the suffix, often of three letters, in the domain name that indicates the kind of organization the host is (.com, .edu, etc), a personal online journal that uses videos as the primary content in addition to text, images, and audio, tools and web-based services that emphasize online collaberation and sharing among users, software installed on a computer system that allows individuals to locate, view, and navigate the web, a computer running a specialized operating system that enables it to host web pages and provide requested web pages to clients, the broadcast of audio or video content over the internet; unlike a podcast, a webcast is not updated automatically, a type of web site that allows anyone visiting the site to change or edit its content, the part of the internet used the most--distinguished from the internet by (1) its use of common communication protocols that enable different computers to talk to each other and display information in compatible formats, and (2) its use of special links (called hyperlinks) that enable users to jump from one place to another in the web, a block of code in the operating system that software applications need to interact with, the process of identifying a computer user, based on a login or username and password; the computer system determines whether the user is authorized and what level of access is to be granted on the network, a Window's utility (found in the control panel) that allows a user to create and duplicate a copy of all the data on a hard drive and copy it to another storage device, a program that manages the data between a computer's operating system and all the input and output devices attached to the computer; also responsible for loading the operating sustem from its permanent location on the hard drive to random access memory (RAM), the process for loading the operating system into random access memory (RAM) when the computer is turned on, interface between user and computer in which the user enters commands to communicate with the computer system, puts all of the elements necessary (typically found on or near the top of a traditional desk) for a productive work session at your fingertips, software that facilitates the communication between a device and the operating system, a feature in the Windows operating system that lets individuals view and change the properties of all hardware devices attached to the computer, a hierarchial structure that includes files, folders, and drives used to create a more organized and efficient computer, a Windows utility that removes unnecessary files from the hard drive, a utility that regroups related pieces of files on the hard drive, enabling faster retrieval of the data, a Windows utility that checks for lost files and fragments as well as physical errors on a hard drive, the result of an action, such as a keystroke, to which the operating system responds, in a file name, the three letters that follow the user-supplied file name after the dot (.) 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