The company’s plans to buy large quantities of (cheap) land for settlement led to concerns that Māori would be defrauded. The ambitious settlement plans of the New Zealand Company upped the ante. Images and index of the ship passenger lists from Archives New Zealand. Early European settlers. The first people to arrive in New Zealand were ancestors of the Māori. Pre-European Māori culture was oral, and based on small autonomous sub-tribes living in valleys, harbours and other localities. But Maori unrest continued. Māori settlement. After the British assumed formal control of New Zealand in 1840, European settlement and government began to alarm the Maori, especially in North Island. New Zealand is a land of great contrasts and diversity.Active volcanoes, spectacular caves, deep glacier lakes, verdant valleys, dazzling fjords, long sandy beaches, and the spectacular snowcapped peaks of the Southern Alps on the South Island—all contribute to New Zealand’s scenic beauty. In the late 18th century, there were about 2000 Moriori living on the Chathams. These settlers had considerable contact with Māori, especially in coastal areas. However, disease and attacks from Māori saw the numbers of this peace-loving tribe become severely depleted. The earliest outbound lists are from minor ports (ports other than Auckland or Wellington) and begin in 1886. Edward Tregear's The Aryan Maori (1885) suggested that Aryans from India migrated to southeast Asia and thence to the islands of the Pacific, including New Zealand.. New Zealand was the last large and livable place in the world to be discovered. The first people to come to the islands of New Zealand were the Polynesians, around 1250-1300, and they brought with them, (likely by accident), the Pacific rat. The Maori were developing agriculturally, selling food to the European settlers and exporting food to California. Moriori are believed to have migrated to the Chathams from the South Island of New Zealand. European New Zealanders are New Zealanders of European descent. Norway Rats The Norway rat. The first settlers probably arrived from Polynesia between 1200 and 1300 AD. 8. There are various types of lists including both outbound and inbound passengers at the various port of New Zealand. Most European New Zealanders are of British and Irish ancestry, with smaller percentages of other European ancestries such as Germans, Greeks, Poles (historically noted as German due to Partitions of Poland), French, Dutch, Scandinavians, Croats and other South Slavs. During the 19th century, ideas about Aryan migrations became popular and these were applied to New Zealand. Maori chiefs met in the Taranaki area in hope of halting further sales of land to settlers. Image credit: Holger Kirk/Shutterstock.com. The last full-blooded Moriori is believed to have died in 1933. New Zealand also has a unique array of vegetation and animal life, much of which developed … Cook successfully circumnavigated and mapped the country, and led two more expeditions to New Zealand before being killed in Hawaii in 1779. Whalers, missionaries, and traders followed, and in 1840 Britain formally annexed the islands and established New Zealand’s first permanent European settlement at Wellington. Tribal histories are rich with stories of armed conflict, and New Zealand’s many sculpted hills and ridges – the relics of fortifications – are evidence of the importance of warfare in traditional Māori society. The survey ship Tory left for New Zealand in May 1839 to purchase land and prepare settlements for the emigrants the company was recruiting. The writing of Percy Smith and Elsdon Best from the late 19th century theorised about pre-Māori settlement. Māori ancestors were the first settlers in New Zealand. 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