This is a very controversial subject to go through, but I'll do my best to make it short. Here are five cultural differences in thinking and perception between the East and West. They started very similar in the pre-modern times. Satisfaction with what one has is the key. Primarily this is because of my personal view of the distinction between the philosophies of Eastern philosophers and Western philosophers. Eastern culture uses the spiritual and missionary approach of searching inside oneself for answers through meditation whereas western culture takes on a pragmatic and emotional approach in searching outside oneself through research and analysis. Confucius said, "Education breeds confidence. Philosophy is often divided into two very broad categories, Eastern philosophy and Western philosophy. Eastern philosophy, on the other hand, is from Confucianism, Mahayana Buddhism, and Taoism. Confucius said, "Education breeds confidence. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EASTERN AND WESTERN PHILOSOPHY SWAMI KRISHNANANDA. These concepts are a running thread through many eastern and western cultural differences. • Categorized under Science | Differences Between Eastern and Western Philosophy. The fix for ignorance is, of course, education or learning. ” (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 529) One of Gandhi’s main ideas was satyagraha, or the use of non-violent, civil disobedience as opposed to violence to resist tyranny and domination. A Western philosopher I believe made a compelling case for his ideas is Bertrand Russell. (1950). "Differences Between Eastern and Western Philosophy." Though I am new to reading the depths of Philosophy, I am finding that all Philosophy is correct with the only difference of which question are you asking. Eastern world is comprised of nations in Asia including the Middle East whereas Western world refers to North and South America, Europe, Australia and New Zealand. The western way is traditional psychotherapy and its assimilation into current so called spiritual and new age thoughts. May 10, 2018 < http://www.differencebetween.net/science/differences-between-eastern-and-western-philosophy/ >. Sivananda Ashram, Rishikesh, India . There is no comparison between the “west” and the East, sorry. The biggest difference, then, could be said to be this: western philosophy comes from the Greek tradition of reliance on reason and rationality; while eastern philosophy comes from reliance on spiritualism and with a spiritual "connection" to the universe. Philosophy is often divided into two very broad categories, Eastern philosophy and Western philosophy. Gandhi seems to have held a much higher view of the institution because he was only married once and maintained committed to that relationship his entire life. The eastern and western philosophies are identical to a large extent and the critics only point out the small differences in the specific philosophy and wording. The Divine Life Society . For example, he was a pacifist who disagreed with war, in particular World War I. In order to be liberated, the inner self must be freed first in accordance to the world around it. “Gandhi, of course, is known everywhere for his use of nonviolence to help attain political freedom for India and for striving to instill a sense of self-respect in all human beings. This cosmological unity is the main point in the journey of life as it goes towards the eternal realities. Write 5 differences between Western and Eastern society, culture, and individuals. From the broad differences between East and West, to subtle variation between US states, it is becoming increasingly clear that history, geography and culture can … Eastern philosophy is too rich and diverse to be able to bundle into one category that can be compared with Western and Islamic philosophy. Here are five cultural differences in thinking and perception between the East and West. Spoken on December 30. th, 1973. The popular writer Sankara Saranam, author of the book God Without Religion , is one example of this when he claims that eastern philosophy is concerned with general knowledge while western philosophy aims at specific knowledge. (The Nobel Foundation, 1950). In contrary, the Eastern philosophy is based mainly in Asia, more specifically the Chinese philosophy. Aspect 1: Where Thinking Happens — Internally or Externally Have you ever wondered about the differences between Eastern and Western philosophies? – … For centuries, the Chinese viewed the child as a miniature adult who should behave according to the expectations of the adult world. The Eastern philosophy is drawn much more into groups or society or people’s actions and thoughts as one in order to find meaning in life as they try to get rid of the false “me” concept and find meaning in discovering the true “me” in relation to everything around them, or as part of a bigger scheme. As Greek and Latin are to Western civilisation, so classical Chinese is … Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/eastern-and-western-philosophers-comparison/, This is just a sample. org/apps/news/story. That's an interesting topic and amazingly no one answered. If you are sure you are not, ‘like that’, you probably are. The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of This paper aims to examine the ideas of one eastern and one western philosopher – Confucius and Socrates respectively and compare the two for similarities and differences. The difference between the methodology of Eastern and Western philosophy is also a big concern. Differences between the philosophies of the east and west Western philosophy has its roots in Athens, Rome and Judeo­Christianity while Eastern philosophy is derived from Confucianism, Taoism and Mahayana Buddhism. Thus is it safe to say that Eastern philosophy is classical Chinese, while Western philosophy is more Latin in its roots. Western and Eastern philosophers have similarities and differences in varying degrees, but there are four basic types: methodical, the systematic order; metaphysical, the nature and fundamental properties of being; epistemological, the sources, nature, limits, and criteria of knowledge, and ethical, the standards of conduct (Axia College of University of Phoenix, 2010). ). Eastern world is comprised of nations in Asia including the Middle East whereas Western world refers to North and South America, Europe, Australia and New Zealand. Due to its Christian influence, there has to be a beginning and end to find meaning. Hinduism had multiple Gods before the Greeks … Key Difference: Eastern religions are the religions that originate in the Eastern areas like China, Southeast Asia, India and Japan. In the West, the ego (regardless of the various ways in which theorists define it) is seen as central to identity and personality. These ways of living are not only brought about by topography and physical circumstances that play crucial factors in living, but also the school of thought that governs the major societies in the Eastern and Western part of the globe. Eastern world refers to countries in Asia and Middle East. (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 226) Additionally, Russell strongly believed in education and, “thought that without a proper education a person is caught in the prison of prejudices” (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 226). ” (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 226) and he defended these passions or beliefs even when it meant going to jail for what he believed. Eastern philosophy takes more of a spiritual approach while Western philosophy is more hands-on. Eastern philosophy depends upon whole-food formulas to nourish the body’s ability to legislate needed actions." Eastern concepts of the ego differ from Western concepts. Linear as it seems, Western philosophy is logical, scientific, and rational compared to the East’s concept of eternal and recurring. An Eastern philosopher I believe made very compelling arguments for his ideas is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, better known as Mahatma Gandhi. Good Medicine and Good Prevention When the body is in a crisis mode and is incapable of taking actions to overcome disease, the Western approach can be lifesaving and is clearly the best alternative. Though each line is concerned with finding the right path to follow, the methodology and teachings of the philosophers from either line of thinking has been distinct and different. Prior to the Enlightenment, Western philosophy was indeed different from Eastern philosophy on a number of fundamental points. The difference is the “I” of the West, and the “We” of the East, as one focuses on finding truth and meaning. ... Eastern Philosophy Vs Western Philosophy - Duration: 5:03. Western religions are the religions that originate in the Western areas like Americas and throughout Europe. DifferenceBetween.net. Nobel Lectures. Ethics is based on behavior, and dependence is from the inside to the outside. Eastern and Western Christianity accept Trinity quite differently. The West took after the lessons of Thomas Aquinas and Augustine of Hippo, which sees the people of the Godhead as joined in divine quintessence. References Moore, B. N. , & Bruder, K. (2008). Generally, “philosophy” is universally defined as “the study of the wisdom or knowledge about the general problems, facts, and situations connected with human existence, values, reasons, and general reality.”  It seeks reasons, answers, and general explanations to life and its factors. The fact is the methodology of Eastern and Western philosophy is extremely different from each other and we cannot use the definition of Western philosophy to judge Eastern philosophy. Cite Eastern and Western philosophy by Bart Nooteboom 128. Western society strives to find and prove "the truth", while Eastern society accepts the truth as given and is more interested in finding the balance. These philosophers are similar in that they both believed in peace as opposed to war and violence, and were willing to suffer whatever consequence necessary to get their messages of peace out to the world. Western philosophy deals with Individualism while Eastern Philosophy is related to Collectivism. Thus is it safe to say that Eastern philosophy is classical Chinese, while Western philosophy is more Latin in its roots. Basically, Western philosophy is referred to as the school of thought from Greek philosophy that influenced the greater part of  Western civilization. html UN News Centre. Differences are also clearly seen in the Eastern and Western ways in dealing with education. Philosophy: The power of ideas (7th ed. Meanwhile, Western philosophy focuses on ethics. Because most Western philosophy was highly influenced by Eastern philosophy and/or religion. Western philosophy is older and generally divided into groups based on a progression of years as opposed to specific regions, for example, Renaissance philosophy and Modern philosophy. Additionally, both men were born into distinguished families. Celine. A Video Project that the class of SFFG 120 EF 2nd semester AY 2017-2017 created. The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of respect. Aside from this story, researchers have also found stark differences between the Eastern and Western learning styles. Major Difference Between Western & Eastern Thought on Education. It does however show the difference in the cultures and the typical mentality. Eastern Culture. The Individual. As Greek and Latin are to Western civilisation, so classical Chinese is to East Asian civilisation. Although I understand that the defense of our freedoms is necessary, I think similarly to him because, “Russell was dismayed by the enthusiasm among ordinary people for the war. Many, if not most, people would surely see differences between how western and how eastern philosophy approach the actualities of human existence. There is still a widespread inclination to think that there is an unbridgeable chasm between Eastern and Western philosophy. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The Individual. Success is based on how much one walks his path without hurting others. three western religions. It helps humans deal with human morality and concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice and crime. Eastern philosophy also thrives on virtues. The Divine Life Society . UN News Service. In Western society, the individual rules. 4.Eastern religions include: Taoism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism, and Confucianism. And if we connect it with our topic, it differs and comes with the realities, problems, and situations of certain people like, in this case, the East and the West. The main principle of the Eastern philosophy is unity. In Western society, the individual rules. un. UN declares 2 October, Gandhi’s birthday, as International Day of Non-Violence. (2018, Feb 11). Western philosophy focuses on logic and truth while Chinese Philosophy focuses on more life and political issues. This would be explained with the selfless approach to life. There are similarities as well as differences amongst these two religions. Get Your Custom Essay on, Eastern and Western Philosophers Comparison, By clicking “Write my paper”, you agree to our, Western and Eastern Culture: An Essential Comparison, Comparison between the Eastern and western approaches to design, Eastern Worldview and Philosophy in Eastern Pantheistic Monism, Difference Between Eastern and Western Architecture, https://graduateway.com/eastern-and-western-philosophers-comparison/, Get your custom If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. In case you can’t find a sample example, our professional writers are ready to help you with writing Although Western Philosophy tends to focus on the parts in an idea, the Eastern Philosophers focus to look at an idea as a whole. org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1950/press. 5 Cultural Differences between East and West 1. Eastern philosophy, on the other hand, is from Confucianism, Mahayana Buddhism, and Taoism. Eastern culture bel… The west wants it … Ethics is a branch of philosophy, also known as moral philosophy. For me, the difference between western and eastern philosophy is that western philosophy is broad and covers more about religion, science and other rationalistic thinking. The differences between Eastern and Western thought can be clearly seen in modern society, despite globalization and unifying influences. The differences listed below are heavily stereotyped, generalized, and polarized. and updated on May 10, 2018, Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects, Differences Between Eastern and Western Philosophy, Differences Between Fraternity And Sorority, Difference Between Eastern Religions and Western Religions, Difference Between Chinese and Western Culture, Difference Between Western Christianity and Eastern Christianity, Difference Between Eastern and Pacific Time, Differences Between East and West Coast Swing, Difference Between Adjuvant and Neoadjuvant Therapy, Difference Between Psychodynamic Perspective and Humanistic Perspective, Difference Between Vitamin D and Vitamin D3, Difference Between LCD and LED Televisions, Difference Between Mark Zuckerberg and Bill Gates, Difference Between Civil War and Revolution. Both philosophies center on virtues. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. Theological differences in Western and Eastern Christianity. Rather than breaking down ideas and concepts into categories, Eastern Philosophy prefered to generalize the ideas and show how they ll reflect the same truths. (2007, June 15). Western Versus Eastern Medicine "Simply stated, Western philosophy isolates and forces therapeutic actions to take place in the body. Russell’s pacifism was so strong that he even served half a ear in prison for his beliefs. asp? major differences between western and eastern views of happiness. Website: www.swami-krishnananda.org. The western way is to have everything now, instant gratification. "You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy", Don't use plagiarized sources. Website: www.swami-krishnananda.org. The main difference between eastern and western culture is that people in the east are more traditional and conservative than the people in the west. Our text states that, “In his autobiography he said that three passions had governed his life: the longing for love, the search for knowledge, and unbearable pity for the suffering of humankind. Hope breeds peace." My opinions, primarily those in support of the acts of volunteerism and selfless giving, often seem to align more easily with Eastern philosophies such as the philosophies of Gandhi and Buddha. Major Difference Between Western & Eastern Thought on Education. 5 Cultural Differences between East and West 1. All you need to do is fill out a short form and submit an order. On the other hand, Russell, seems to have had less belief in the institution or at least the belief that the marriage commitment was meant to be permanent because he was divorced twice before marrying his third and final wife. Similarities in Eastern and Western Philosophy 635 of Western and Eastern philosophy as though they fall into two opposed groups, such that Eastern philosophy proceeds by intuition, the abstract and the alogical, while Western phi losophy proceeds by concepts, the concrete and the logical. Even though we can find many fundamental differences between all things Western and all things Eastern, "essentializing" Eastern philosophy, and therefore the "Eastern" people, as if they were one big block with a similar intellectual foundation, seems to me to be a remnant of Orientalism and doesn't correspond to reality. The main differences between the school of thought or the philosophies of the East and West are the West’s Individualism and the East’s Collectivism. 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