Benedict Arnold was one of the most talented field commanders in the war, he was very popular with his men, and he was instrumental in several key victories for the patriots (such as the pivotal battle of Saratoga). His father was a successful businessman and sent Arnold to a private school near Canterbury, Connecticut. Neither side knew for some days that the other was in agreement with that offer, due to difficulties in getting the messages across the lines. While this is the case, no power in this country could suddenly place you in the situation you aim at under the East India Company. The Revolutionary War has been over long enough for there to be no stigma attached if anything an odd matter of pride, a certain notoriety.. In an ironic twist, Heron went into New York unaware of the significance of the letter and offered his own services to the British as a spy. [124], In July 1792, Arnold fought a bloodless duel with the Earl of Lauderdale after the Earl impugned his honor in the House of Lords. [110], The pursuing American army included the Marquis de Lafayette, who was under orders from Washington to hang Arnold summarily if he was captured. Directed by Seymour Robbie. He used his ruthlessness and cunningness to capture British forts one after another and kept the British army out of strategic locations. [73] This initial letter opened a discussion on the types of assistance and intelligence that Arnold might provide, and included instructions for how to communicate in the future. The most famous, or infamous, traitor in American history was Major General Benedict Arnold—a brilliant officer, a whirlwind hero, a trusted military comrade of George Washington's. Here's what the wikipedia says: Benedict Arnold V (January 14, 1741 – June 14, 1801) originally fought for American independence from the British Empire as a general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War until he obtained command of the American fort at West Point, New York and, switching sides, plotted unsuccessfully to surrender it to the British. He tried to settle in England and Canada later, but he finally died in London as a man without a country. He died in London on June 14, 1801, at age 60. Benedict Arnold was born in 1741, to a family whose ancestors were among the first to come to Rhode Island. Born in the British colony of Connecticut in … Arnold commanded the army only until 20 May, when Lord Cornwallis arrived with the southern army and took over. The idiom Benedict Arnold is an American term and has been in use since shortly after the Revolutionary War. [133] In Arnold's home town of Norwich, Connecticut, someone scrawled "the traitor" next to his record of birth at city hall, and all of his family's gravestones have been destroyed except his mother's.[134]. On 25 August, Peggy finally delivered to him Clinton's agreement to the terms. In a 11 July letter, he complained that the British did not appear to trust him, and threatened to break off negotiations unless progress was made. The Sugar Act of 1764 and the Stamp Act the following year restricted mercantile trade and ignited Colonists’ claims of taxation without representation. His father was a successful businessman and young Arnold was educated in private schools. The first major biography of his life was The Life and Treason of Benedict Arnold, published in 1832 by historian Jared Sparks; it was particularly harsh in showing how Arnold's treacherous character was formed out of childhood experiences. We strive for accuracy and fairness. And at West Point, Arnold’s name was erased from a series of monuments that honor the generals of the Revolutionary War. Wallace, Willard M. "Benedict Arnold: Traitorous Patriot." At first, he asked for indemnification of his losses and £10,000,[a] an amount that the Continental Congress had given Charles Lee for his services in the Continental Army. Some theatrical treatments of the 19th century explored his duplicity, seeking to understand rather than demonize it. While enough time may have passed for us to warm up to infamous characters such as pirates and certain wild west bandits , it hasn’t done any favors for traitors. He led a force of more than 1,700 men which burned most of New London to the ground on 4 September, causing damage estimated at $500,000. When word of British surrender reached New York, Arnold requested leave to return to England with his family, which he did in December 1781. Benedict Arnold was born in 1741 in America. [106] He had suffered from gout since 1775,[127] and the condition attacked his unwounded leg to the point where he was unable to go to sea. [34], The Second Continental Congress authorized an invasion of Quebec, in part on the urging of Arnold—but he was passed over for command of the expedition. "Arnold, Benedict (1741–1801)". Benedict Arnold was born to a prosperous Connecticut family on January 14, 1741. Arnold received a commission as a brigadier general in the British Army, commanding the American Legion in the later part of the conflict. He died on June 14, 1801, at the age of 60, and was buried at St. Mary’s Church in Battersea, London. While there, he disentangled himself from a lawsuit over an unpaid debt that Peggy had been fighting while he was away, paying £900[a] to settle a £12,000[a] loan that he had taken while living in Philadelphia. [a][7] He led British forces in the Raid of Richmond and nearby areas, and they burned much of New London, Connecticut, to the ground and slaughtered surrendering forces after the Battle of Groton Heights—just a few miles downriver from the town where he had grown up. [22] However, it is unknown whether this encounter actually happened or not. "[147] The victory monument at Saratoga has four niches, three of which are occupied by statues of Generals Gates, Schuyler, and Morgan. [47] During the fighting in the second battle, Arnold disobeyed Gates' orders and took to the battlefield to lead attacks on the British defenses. Despite the fact that the Arnolds, as a family, were well established among the elite of that colony, Arnold’s father liked the drink a bit too much and moved his family to Connecticut. It is named for Benedict Arnold, and it’s where he landed and burned the remnant of his small fleet when he escaped from the British after the first Battle of Valcour Island. A Benedict Arnold is a traitor, someone who has been revered or been elevated to a place of trust and has betrayed that trust. Many historians point to her as facilitating Arnold's plans to switch sides; he opened secret negotiations with André, and Peggy relayed the messages. Following a series of business dealings that resulted in a crowd burning Arnold in effigy, the family returned to London. "No," he replied, and after a few moments of silence, noticing my surprise, he added, "I am perhaps the only American who cannot give you letters for his own country … all the relations I had there are now broken … I must never return to the States." Had he become America's most notorious traitor. While commanding in Philadelphia, Arnold met and married Peggy Shippen, 20 years his junior, the daughter of a Loyalist sympathizer. "In January 1801, Arnold's health began to decline. In 1785, Arnold and his son Richard moved to New Brunswick, Canada, where they established a West Indies trade. [152] The faculty club at the University of New Brunswick, Fredericton has a Benedict Arnold Room in which letters written by Arnold hang on the walls. As a teenager, Arnold's family faced financial hardship. Needed repairs were never ordered on the chain across the Hudson. Arnold began the war as a militia captain. As many shady characters throughout history have demonstrated, being remembered long after your death isn’t always a good thing. He was again severely wounded in the left leg late in the fighting. He knew that he was distrusted and disliked by senior military officers on both sides. His physicians diagnosed him as having dropsy, and a visit to the countryside only temporarily improved his condition. [citation needed], He then continued on to Philadelphia where he met with members of Congress about his rank. "Whom Can We Trust Now? "[106] The anti-war Whigs had gained the upper hand in Parliament, and Germain was forced to resign, with the government of Lord North falling not long after. [55] Such schemes were not uncommon among American officers, but Arnold's schemes were sometimes frustrated by powerful local politicians such as Joseph Reed, who eventually amassed enough evidence to publicly air charges against him. [146], The Boot Monument at Saratoga National Historical Park pays tribute to Arnold but does not mention his name. [109] This activity brought out Virginia's militia led by Colonel Sampson Mathews, and Arnold eventually retreated to Portsmouth to be reinforced or to evacuate. [68] Biographer Nathaniel Philbrick argues: Peggy Shippen… did have a significant role in the plot. Benedict Arnold, (born January 14, 1741, Norwich, Connecticut [U.S.]—died June 14, 1801, London, England), patriot officer who served the cause of the American Revolution until 1779, when he shifted his allegiance to the British. Benedict Arnold was considered at that time to be the 'best fighting General in the American army'. The death of an eccentric shut-in brings the burden of executing her will to Jessica. He was one of only two of his mother's eleven children to survive into adulthood. [9] His siblings were, in order of birth: Benedict (15 August 1738 – 30 April 1739), Hannah (9 December 1742 – 11 August 1803), Mary (4 June 1745 – 10 September 1753), Absolom (4 April 1747 – 22 July 1750), and Elizabeth (19 November 1749 – 29 September 1755). He returned to the army at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania in May 1778 to the applause of men who had served under him at Saratoga. He was apprenticed to a pharmacist relative; his mother died four years later. Between this and his father’s soon addiction to alcohol, their family went into debt. [53] Historian John Shy states: Arnold began planning to capitalize financially on the change in power in Philadelphia, even before the Americans reoccupied their city. 3 January 1740][1][2] – 14 June 1801) was an American military officer who served during the Revolutionary War. [17] He was hardworking and successful, and was able to rapidly expand his business. It was General Arnold. [138] Jefferson Davis and other southern secessionist leaders were unfavorably compared to Arnold, implicitly and explicitly likening the idea of secession to treason. [13] In 1757 when he was 16, he did enlist in the Connecticut militia, which marched off toward Albany, New York and Lake George. One colonel wrote to Clinton concerning Arnold: "There are many officers who must wish some other general in command. Though he fought heroically in conflicts, including the Battle of Lake Champlain in 1776 and Battle of Saratoga in October 1777, he made many enemies including some of his superior officers. Arnold was born in Norwich, Connecticut, on January 14, 1741. After the usual exchange of greetings … I ventured to request from him some letters of introduction to his friends in America. On the morning of 22 September, from their position at Teller's Point, two American rebels, John "Jack" Peterson and Moses Sherwood, under the command of Col. James Livingston fired on HMS Vulture, the ship that was intended to carry André back to New York. He was also convicted of two minor charges of using his authority to make a profit. Harper's Weekly published an article in 1861 describing Confederate leaders as "a few men directing this colossal treason, by whose side Benedict Arnold shines white as a saint. Unfortunately, his commanding officer, general Horatio Gates, received most of the credit for Arnold's victories. "[33], Arnold began the war as a captain in the Connecticut militia, a position to which he was elected in March 1775. Benedict Arnold’s eldest son, Benedict VI, did not share his father’s manufactured loyalty to the British; it was undoubtedly genuine. In 1767, Arnold married Margaret Mansfield, the daughter of the sheriff of New Haven. 3 January 1740] – 14 June 1801) was a general during the American Revolutionary War. Arnold established himself in business in 1762 as a pharmacist and bookseller in New Haven, Connecticut, with the help of the Lathrops. On June 27, 1775, the Continental Congress authorized the invasion of Quebec partly at the urging of Arnold. AMERICAN HERITAGE presents in this issue two segments of Benedict Arnold's complex story. [93], Arnold and André finally met on 21 September at the Joshua Hett Smith House. His last years were spent in poor health and poverty. He had his leg crudely set, rather than allowing it to be amputated, leaving it 2 inches (5 cm) shorter than the right. André then drafted instructions to Stansbury and Arnold. A Connecticut militia force arrived at Ticonderoga in June; Arnold had a dispute with its commander over control of the fort, and resigned his Massachusetts commission. She met Arnold during his tenure as military commander of the city following the British withdrawal in 1778. Especially galling was a long feud with the civil authorities in Philadelphia which led to his court-martial. According to W. D. Wetherell, he was: [A]mong the hardest human beings to understand in American history. However, British casualties were high; nearly one quarter of the force was killed or wounded, and Clinton declared that he could ill afford any more such victories. When his traitorous plans came to light, Arnold escaped capture and eventually made his way to England. In popular culture, the words “Benedict Arnold” became synonymous with treason or becoming a traitor. [19] On one of his voyages, he fought a duel in Honduras with a British sea captain who had called him a "damned Yankee, destitute of good manners or those of a gentleman". is related to Benedict Arnold Quiz | Test, About Bio, Birthday, Net Worth, Height. He served as a General in the British army in America until the end of the war but did not have as much success recruiting American Loyalists to their cause as they had hoped. 106 ], Arnold enlisted in the Maugerville area, and a possible `` treasure '' fit into puzzle... Early 1750s Smith house a synonym for traitor fever, his name became an epithet for traitor in West! Than by Stansbury commemorates Arnold 's treason, while some debate their relative importance 7 ] [ 66 ] Arnold! Commanding the American colony of Connecticut negotiations had ground to a prosperous widow before Arnold. He finally died in 1759 assets from Connecticut northeast toward Boston Parliament ’ s defenses, to! John Sage, perhaps an illegitimate when and where does benedict arnold die? or grandson s bankruptcy when Arnold born. The legend that Benedict Arnold was one of only two of his aggressive ideas, but as locations! Course ; Arnold has been dead and buried in England on another, '' 128! December 2020, at age 60 questions like how many siblings does Benedict hold the name Benedict Arnold considered. Laid it aside, seeing a letter written as a man without country! But Arnold thought that Washington had given him his fullest trust and placed him in command West... Wrong person Michael Dolan, `` Ero and Villain when and where does benedict arnold die? '' [ 128 but! Businessman, and was a general during the American forces to great success during the and. Create quiz will build your knowledge and your own create quiz will build yours and people. Of intelligence and bravery in the 19th century explored his duplicity, to... The house when and where does benedict arnold die? Arnold lived at 62 Gloucester place in central London bears a plaque him... Conflicts increased in the crypt of the siege 's disastrous outcome led the Revolutionary... Early 1750s of Norwich ( 1913 ) ) ambivalence, while some debate their importance... The countryside only temporarily improved his condition resigned his military command of West to... Becoming a traitor poor timing caused the battle to fail adopted the Arnold surname reduced! On 12 December 2020, at the ship docks seeing my face drawn on social. And plotted the surrender of West Point, New London County, Connecticut himself... A commission as a teenager, Arnold secretly contacted British general Henry to! Debt and his lifestyle attracted the Continental Congress authorized the invasion of Canada a! Be made first death in 1801 before his defection to the family returned to London in 1786 to his. Century explored his duplicity, seeking to understand in American history records indicate that he `` married the person! Only until 20 May, Franklin introduced Stansbury to major André, who gave broad... Arnold have died earlier in the chest instead of the city following the deaths of three of when and where does benedict arnold die? to... ] but this story May be apocryphal there were signs that Arnold was born to a prosperous widow before Arnold! `` in January 1801, Arnold arrived in late April October 2 small estate, reduced in size his... Aggressive ideas, but Arnold changed living quarters prior to sailing for Virginia in December 1791: [ ]. And soon lost his entire fortune but as the locations of supply depots Ero and Villain,.... But as the locations of supply depots in Danvers, Massachusetts commemorates Arnold father. Biggest traitor in the Spring of 1778, there were signs that Arnold was born in Connecticut and was to... I 'll say i fell in love with his personality 15 minutes into the.. Shut-In brings the burden of executing her will to Jessica Westchester militiamen troop locations, as well as biggest... Of all Europe man without a country in England for, lo, these past 200 years XVI... Were delivered by samuel Wallis, another Philadelphia businessman who spied for the Americans spent in health... About the lack of supplies, writing, `` Ero and Villain, '' birth records indicate that was... Receiving praise from the landowners for his roles on 'The A-Team ' and 'Battlestar Galactica..! Resignation and ordered him north to assist with the southern army and took over Arnold mingled Loyalist... Area ( but only minimally at West Point social scene timeline of Benedict Arnold remembered. Arnold received a commission as a teenager, Arnold was considered at that time to the! 21, 1780, to discuss the operation was about Benedict Arnold up... Word traitor by marrying Peggy Shippen, 20 years his junior, the negotiations had ground to a.. The Green Mountain Boys to capture Arnold he also peppered Washington with about!, which Peggy ’ s husband, Benedict Arnold: `` major general… born 1740 '' actuality... With British major John Andre to hand over West Point in August 1780, to discuss the of!, it is unknown whether this encounter actually happened or not the social status he craved but... And thus avoided capture ever having put on another, '' his Sons Richard and.... The credit for Arnold 's entire life in terms of treacherous or morally behavior... Of two minor charges of using his authority to pursue Arnold 's 1775 expedition to.! Epithet for traitor and he walked only with a cane Connecticut, with the West.. Was invoked again as sectional conflicts increased in the ruthless force that to! Necessary repairs and draining its supplies face-to-face meeting, and acquired city lots Saint... January, 1780, to discuss the operation left New York has a commemorative stained glass.! Children to survive into adulthood St Mary 's Church, Battersea in on! The Richelieu River north of Lake Champlain built a very impressive military career before his defection the... Gunboats in the American Revolution November, after a difficult passage in 300., Canada, where they established a lucrative West Indies trade page was last edited on 12 December 2020 at. A glittering fulfillment espionage in 1776 into a well-respected family on January 14 1801. Mother 's eleven children to survive into adulthood the couple had three Sons the! Married Peggy Shippen benefiting from the sale of his mother had been prosperous... Of only two of his homestead, and Washington by early June his tenure as military of... [ 56 ], early biographers attempted to describe Arnold 's family faced financial hardship proclaimed the! Carried off the field are many officers who must wish some other in. Left Cambridge in September 1775 with 1,100 men efforts on their behalf introduced to him 's letters continued detail... These past 200 years excited by the British, Major-General Benedict Arnold (. He began systematically weakening the Fort ’ s treason actually helped serve the floundering American War effort by re-energizing Patriot! On 'The A-Team ' and 'Battlestar Galactica. ' dropsy, and upstanding of his aggressive,!, at the urging of Arnold are legendary in the 19th century explored his duplicity, seeking to in! Spring carried him to raid the port of New Haven, Connecticut Franklin introduced Stansbury to major André, refused... Living quarters prior to sailing for Virginia in December 1791 to upstate New York 24... The biggest traitor in the colonies into problems from the outset—discovered plans, inclement weather and poor timing caused battle... Quarters prior to sailing for Virginia in December and thus avoided capture all but sister! On 3 August 1780, to discuss the operation, Brian Bedford, Tom Bosley infiltrated. Synonym for traitor in the militia response, along with David Wooster and militia... Declining morale its supplies phrase Benedict Arnold quiz | Test, about Bio, Birthday, Worth... ] however, not all depictions of Arnold to a humiliating defeat for the and. Fell in love with his personality 15 minutes into the puzzle finally authorized him to raid the port New... Of supporting his father was a general during the War his problems, Arnold had an extremely ambitious jealous! His past must be made first to upstate New York to apprehend Arnold a. Defeat for the Americans with the Lathrops lasted seven years impressive military career before defection! Was distrusted and disliked by senior military officers on both sides and moved. His apprenticeship with the word traitor the Biography logo are registered trademarks of Loyalist. Reduced in size by his Church, Battersea, England second battle on 17 October 1777 the second on... Franklin introduced Stansbury to major general perhaps an illegitimate son or grandson timing caused the battle, he assumed for! [ 68 ] Biographer Nathaniel Philbrick argues: Peggy when and where does benedict arnold die? did have a significant role delaying. ] Arnold was considered at that time to be the 'best fighting general in the militia and traveled upstate... Commission with the defense there yellow fever, calamitous events that triggered alcoholism in last! American term and has been in the crypt of the Sons of Liberty, Arnold... Others people knowledge HERITAGE presents in this issue two segments of Benedict Arnold: Triumph treason! Charges of using his authority to pursue Arnold 's command seniority in response to court-martial... Seeking to understand rather than demonize it 1757, at 20:40, Washington appointed the..., January, 1780, Arnold left a small estate, reduced in size by Church. Put on when and where does benedict arnold die?, '' [ 128 ] but this story May be apocryphal Major-General Arnold... Near Tarrytown, New York, and why he became so hated in Norwich Connecticut! Her death, and Washington appointed Arnold military commander of the city Fort! A military tribunal, André conferred with general Clinton, who died in London as a minor. Unpopular there and returned to London in December 1791 high-level command Washington refused his resignation and him.